Written in Blood
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Written in Blood : The Battles for Fortress Przemyl in WWI

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Description

Bloodier than Verdun, the battles for Fortress Przemyl were pivotal to victory on the Eastern Front during the early years of World War I. Control of the fortress changed hands three times during the fall of 1914. In 1915, the Austro-Hungarian armies launched three major offensives to penetrate the Russian encirclement and relieve the 120,000 trapped in the besieged fortress. Drawing on myriad sources, historian Graydon A. Tunstall tells of the impossible conditions facing the garrison: starvation, "horse-meat" diets, deplorable medical care, prostitution, alcoholism, dismal morale, and a failed breakout attempt. By the time the fortress finally fell to the Russians on March 22, 1915, the Hapsburg Army had sustained 800,000 casualties; the Russians, over a million. The fortress, however, had served its purpose. Tunstall argues that the besieged garrison kept the Russian army from advancing farther and obliterating the already weakening Austro-Hungarian forces at the outset of the War to End All Wars.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 408 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 27.94mm | 694g
  • Indiana University Press
  • Bloomington, IN, United States
  • English
  • 11 b&w illus., 9 maps
  • 0253021979
  • 9780253021977
  • 522,235

Review quote

"A valuable and unique contribution to the history of both WWI and European fortress war. This work will be cited long after ones on more glamorous subjects have been relegated to library shelves, and in my professional judgment, Tunstall is the only scholar who could have done it." -Dennis Showalter, author of Armor and Blood: The Battle of Kursk "Written in Blood is a must-have reference to an often neglected Great War front and to the inner workings of the Austro-Hungarian Army. It is rich with well-researched information arising from primary archival documents about siege conditions, military units in the fighting, and conditions endured by soldiers and civilians who shared their hardships." -Roads to the Great War "Written in Blood is a must-have reference to an often neglected Great War front and to the inner workings of the Austro-Hungarian Army. It is rich with well-researched information arising from primary archival documents about siege conditions, military units in the fighting, and conditions endured by soldiers and civilians who shared their hardships." -Roads to the Greatest Warshow more

About Graydon A. Tunstall

Graydon A. Tunstall is Senior Research Lecturer in the Department of History at the University of South Florida and author of Blood in the Snow: The Carpathian Winter War of 1915.show more

Table of contents

List of MapsAcknowledgments1. Introduction: Fortress Przemyl2. The Opening Battles, August-September 19143. Siege and Liberation, October 19144. The Second Siege, November 19145. Limanova-Lapanov and Defeat, December 19146. The First Two Carpathian Mountain Offensives, January to Mid-March 19157. The Third Carpathian Mountain Offensive, Early March 19158. Breakout Attempt and Surrender of the Fortress, March 19159. Gorlice-Tarnov and After10. ConclusionNotesBibliographyIndexshow more