The World Book; Organized Knowledge in Story and Picture Volume 1

The World Book; Organized Knowledge in Story and Picture Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1917 edition. Excerpt: ... crane were among his earlier inventions, and in 1854 he invented the rifled gun which bears his name. On presenting his patents to the British government he was knighted by Queen Victoria and appointed engineer of rifled ordnance. The universities of Cambridge and Oxford conferred honorary degrees upon him, and in 1887 he was made a peer. Armstrong Gun, the breech-loading rifled gun invented by William George Armstrong, first used by the British in the Chinese War in 1860. It was made of wrought iron in coils welded together and had an inner tube of steel rifled in several grooves. Although it marked a great advance when first used, it has now been superseded by more efficient weapons, which are all, however, based on the principles embodied in Armstrong's model. kiiTHE STORY OF L."RMY, a term applied to a body of men organized and disciplined to act together to conduct warfare on land, and placed at the disposal of a nation or person for that purpose. Though huge hosts of fighting men were gathered in ancient times, the modern army is an outgrowth of the fourteenth-century "free companies," which were men organized under definitely-appointed leaders for the purpose of improving the art or "handicraft" of war, and of making their own services more valuable. These free companies hired themselves out to fight for those who were willing to pay for their help. Their members became the most efficient fighters and therefore were in great demand. But with them war was merely a trade. There was no patriotism in their lighting, no desire for personal distinction, no spirit of emulation. Soldiers were simply members of a well-organized labor union, fighting for pay; they lacked love of country or conviction of the justice of the...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 498 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 25mm | 880g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123664509X
  • 9781236645098