The Works of Xenophon Volume 3

The Works of Xenophon Volume 3

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1897 edition. Excerpt: ...and fostering civic concord? The Disputant. That is my opinion. By this method of bringing back the argument to its true starting-point, even the disputant himself would be affected and the truth become manifest to his mind. His own--that is, the Socratic--method of conducting a rational discussion1 was to proceed step by step from one point of general agreement to another: "Herein lay the real security of reasoning," 2 he would say; and for this reason he was more successful in winning the common assent of his hearers than any one I ever knew. He had a saying that Homer had conferred on Odysseus the title of a safe, unerring orator,3 because he had the gift to lead the discussion from one commonly accepted opinion to another. v11.--The frankness and simplicity with which Socrates endeavoured to declare his own opinions, in dealing with those who conversed with him,4 is, I think, conclusively proved by the above instances; at the same time, as I hope now to show, he was no less eager to cultivate a spirit of independence in others, which would enable them to stand alone in all transactions suited to their powers. Of all the men I have ever known, he was most anxious to ascertain in what any of those about him was really versed; and within the range of his own knowledge he showed the greatest zeal in teaching everything which it befits the true gentleman 5 to know; or where he was deficient in know 1 Or, "of threading the mazes of an argument." 2 Reading Tciivtji' dap6eiav; aliter, To, $tiv rty dapdeiav =' that this security was part and parcel of reasoning." 3 Od. viii. 171, S 5' aapaiws Ayopeia, "and his speech runs surely on its way" (Butcher and Lang), where Odysseus is describing himself. Cf. Dion. Hal. de...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 178 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 10mm | 327g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236493974
  • 9781236493972