Women in Architecture

Women in Architecture

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Women in architecture have always existed, perhaps not as professionals but always as influencers at many levels. Then during wars in the absence of men, women took on the traditionally masculine roles of design and construction easily. The river Thames is graced by a bridge built entirely by a female workforce. But the acceptance and the presence of female architects alongside male architects took a long time to be realised. Finland was the first country to introduce the formal education of women in architecture around 1860s. However, Ethel Charles (1898), the first British women to gain the membership of the Royal Institute of Architects, went on to design `cottages' even though she was the first woman to win an International prize for architecture and the RIBA Silver medal winner. Many women worked in various capacities as influencers up to 1970s and 80s- teaching (Teolinda Bolivar, Venezuela), in government responsibilities (Olajumoke Adenowo, Nigeria), interior or furniture designers (Eileen Gray) and as activist (Arundhati Roy, India). Some of the female architects also worked with their husbands (Jane Drew and Maxwell Fry) and other male associates. Somehow it has always been easier to study than to practice architecture for women. The jump from being influencers to front-liners was not an easy transition, even in the `West'. But changing socio-political times, the globalization of practice and a bold willingness to disengage from past constrictions did indeed change the nature of women in architecture. Things have improved materially for women employees because of social and legal changes (Equal pay, maternity leave, basic pay, etc.) but particular issues of being a woman in architecture remain. The numbers of female-led architecture firms also remain very small compared to other professions such as law, accountancy and medicine. There has also been a question raised about whether there is a feminine style of architecture. These volumes explore four themes - History, Work, Influence and Practice. The set offers a holistic and non Euro-centric view of women in architecture, with good practice and inspiration from all parts of the world.show more

Product details

  • Mixed media product | 1600 pages
  • 159 x 235mm
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1138832936
  • 9781138832930

About Sumita Singha

Sumita Singha is an award-winning architect, academic and author with her design practice, Ecologic. Sumita has worked and taught in UK, India, Serbia, Venezuela, France, Palestine and Spain. Sumita's awards include the UIA:UNESCO International design award, Women In Business award at the House of Commons and Atkins Inspire award for Architecture. Her portrait was included in an exhibition about 28 women who had made a difference to the life and culture of Britain. Sumita set up Architects For Change, the Equality forum at the Royal Institute of British Architects and is past Chair of Women In Architecture. Her research publications include the book, Architecture For Rapid Change and Scarce Resources (Routledge 2012).show more

Table of contents

Women In Architecture: Critical Concepts in Architecture Volume 1: History and identity Sumita Singha, `Introduction' Julie Willis, `INVISIBLE CONTRIBUTIONS: The Problem of History and Women Architects', Architectural Theory Review, 3, 2, 1998, 57-68. Lynne Walker, `British Women in Architecture: 1671-1951', Women Architects: Their Work (Sorella Press, 1984), pp. 7-25. Doreen Massey, `Space, Place and Gender', in J. Rendell, Barbara Penner and Iain Borden (eds), Gender Space Architecture: An Interdisciplinary Introduction (Routledge, 2000), pp.128-133. Jaime Gillin, `Pakistan's First Female Architect', Questions and Answers, Dwell Magazine July 2, 2012. Bridget Fowler and Fiona M. Wilson, `Women Architects and Their Discontents', Architectural Theory Review, 17, 2-3, 2012, 199-215. Karen Burns, `The Woman/Architect Distinction', Architectural Theory Review, 17, 2-3, 2012, 234-244. OEzlem Erdogdu Erkarslan, `Turkish Women Architects in the Late Ottoman and Early Republican Era, 1908-1950', Women's History Review, 16, 4, 2007, 555-575. Anna Lewis, `Norma Merrick Sklarek: The Rosa Parks of Architecture', in Women of Steel and Stone: 22 Inspirational Architects, Engineers, and Landscape Designers (Women of Action) (Chicago Review Press, 2014), pp. 52-59. Norma Isa Figueroa, `Hard Hats and Aprons: Pioneering Female Architects Portrayed by the Press in Puerto Rico', Architectural Theory Review, 17, 2-3, 2012, 261-279. Despina Stratigakos, The Good Architect and the Bad Parent: On the Formation and Disruption of a Canonical Image', The Journal of Architecture, 11, 2, 2006, 283-296. Mary McLeod, `Perriand: Reflections on Feminism and Modern Architecture', Harvard Design Magazine, No. 20, Spring/Summer 2004. Naomi Stead, `Architectural Affections On Some Modes of Conversation in Architecture, Towards a Disciplinary Theorisation of Oral History', Fabrications, 24, 2, 2014, 156-177. Julie Collins, `A "Powerful, Creative History": The Reticence of Women Architects to Donate Their Professional Records to Archival Repositories', Archives and Manuscripts, 40, 3, 2012, 181-190. Esther da Costa Meyer, `After the Flood', HARDSoft CoolWARM... Gender in Design', Harvard Design Magazine, No. 16, S/S 2002. Beatriz Colomina, `A House of Ill Repute: E. 1027', in Johanna Burton, Lynne Cooke and Josiah McElheny (eds), Interiors (Center for Curatorial Studies, Bard College and Stenberg Press, 2012). Mariela Cvetic, `Building A Room of One's Own: An Insight into the Origins of Women Architects in Serbia', unpublished, 2016. Isabell Anscombe, `The Heyday of the Decorators', in A Woman's Touch: Women in Design from 1860 to the Present Day (Virago, 1984), pp. 68-85. Alice T. Friedman, `Girl Talk: Marion Mahony Griffin, Frank Lloyd Wright and the Oak Park Studio: The Extraordinary Career of a Pioneering Woman Architect', Places Journal, June 2011. Gabrielle Esperdy, The Incredible True Adventures of the Architectress in America', Places Journal, September 2012. Karen Kingsley, `Gender Issues in Teaching Architectural History', Journal of Architectural Education, 41, 2, 1988, 21-25. Anna Rubbo, `Marion Mahony and Walter Burley Griffin: A Creative Partnership', Architectural Theory Review, 1, 1, 1996, 78-94. Kay Standley, Bradley Soule and Jo Standley, `Women and Architecture', Journal of Architectural Education, 27, 4, 1974, 78-82. Bronwyn Hanna, `Australia's Early Women Architects: Milestones and Achievements, Fabrications', The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand, 12, 1, 2002, 27-57. ã Volume 2: Contemporary Practice Sumita Singha, Introduction Despina Stratigakos, `Inventing Feminist Practices; Women and Building in Fin-de-Siecle Berlin', in Lori A Brown (ed.), Feminist Practices.ã Interdisciplinary Approaches to Women in Architecture (Ashgate, 2011), pp. 57-80. Penny Sparke, `Designing the Modern Home', in The Genius of Design (Quadrille Publishing, 2009), pp. 66-70, 76-79. Michael Brenson, `Maya Lin's Time', in Acts of Engagement (Rowman and Littlefield, 2004), pp.167-189. Phillip Meusser, `Out of this World', Blueprint, number 342, (a monograph on Galina Balaschova), pp. 96-112. Amanda Birch, `Tate a Tete', Building Design, 2 November 2001, 13-14. Jane Pickerill, `Bodies, Building and Bricks: Women Architects and Builders in Eight Eco-communities in Argentina, Britain, Spain, Thailand and USA', Gender, Place and Culture, 22, 7, 2015, 901-919. Pitman, Joana, `Building Blocks', The Times Magazine, 31st May 1997, pp. 12-15. Lucy Bullivant, `How Women Are Changing Cities', Guardian, 5th March, 2015, Caroline Roux, `Kazuyo Sejima Can Foresee the Future of Architecture', The Gentlewoman, Spring and Summer 2010, pp. 60-65. Isabell Anscombe, `The Blessed Damozel', in A Woman's Touch: Women in Design from 1860 to the Present Day (Virago, 1984), pp. 31-33. Igea Troiani, `Zaha: An Image of "The Woman Architect"', Architectural Theory Review, 17, 2-3, 2012, 346-364. Julie Willis, `Aptitude and Capacity: Published Views of the Australian Woman Architect', Architectural Theory Review, 17, 2-3, 2012 317-330. Kieran Long, `The Gentle Outsider' (Profile of Japanese Architect, Itsuko Hasegawa), Building Design no.1403 July 9, 1999 8-9. Olympia Kazi, `Architecture as a Dissident Practice: An Interview with Diller Scofidio and Renfro', Architectural Design, Special issue: Theoretical Meltdown, 79, 1, January/February 2009, 56-59. Anooradha Iyer Siddiqi, `Making Place in Bangalore', Architectural Design, 75, 5, September/October 2005, 55-61. Chad Schwartz, Laura Morthland, and Shannon Mcdonald, `Building a Social Framework: Utilising Design/Build to Provide Social Learning Experiences for Architecture Students', Architectural Theory Review, 19, 1, 2014, 76-91. Pinar Kaygan, `Gender, Technology, and the Designer's Work: A Feminist Review', Design and Culture, The Journal of the Design Studies Forum, 8, 2, 2016, 235-252. Linda N. Groat, `Architecture's Resistance to Diversity: A Matter of Theory as Much as Practice', Journal of Architectural Education, 47, 1, 1993, 3-10. Guja Dogg Hauksdottir, `The Search for Meaning through Concrete: Matter and Mind in the Work of Hogna Sigurdardottir Architect', The Journal of Architecture, 20, 3, 2015, 489-509. ã Volume 3: Wider Influence Sumita Singha, Introduction. Sonja Dumpelmann, `The Landscape Architect Maria Teresa Parpagliolo Shephard in Britain: Her International Career 1946-1974', Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes, 30, 1, 2010, 94-113. Mark K. Smith, `Henrietta Barnett, Social Reform and Community Building', The Encyclopaedia of Informal Education, 2007. Mark K. Smith,`Octavia Hill: Housing, Space and Social Reform', The Encyclopaedia of Informal Education, 2008. Christopher Klemek, `Placing Jane Jacobs within the Transatlantic Urban Conversation', Journal of the American Planning Association, 73, 1, 2007, 49-67. Camilla Toulmin, `Barbara Ward', International Institute for Environment and Development, 2006, 6-16. Susanna Rustin, `If Women Built Our Cities What Would Our Urban Landscape Look Like', 5th December 2014. Wendy Davis, `Women's Design Service: Women Helping Women' (unpublished), September 2016. Robert Freestone, Women in the Australian Town Planning Movement 1900-1950', Planning Perspectives, 10, 3, 1995, 259-277. Petra L. Doan, The Tyranny of Gendered Spaces - Reflections from Beyond the Gender Dichotomy, Gender, Place and Culture, 17, 5, 2010, 635-654. Ingrid Ruudi, `Space and Body', EHITUSKUNST: Investigations on Architecture and Theory, Edition 39-40, 2013. Lisa Koenigsberg, `Arbiter of Taste: Mrs. L.C. Tuthill and a Tradition of American Women Writers on Architecture, 1848-1913', Women's Studies, 14, 4, 1987, 339-366. Paul Holden, `Architects, Angels, Activists and the City of Bath, 1765-1965: Engaging with Women's Spatial Interventions in Buildings and Landscape', Planning Perspectives, 28, 4, 2013, 653-655. Sara Ortiz Escalante and Blanca Gutierrez Valdivia `Planning from Below: Using Feminist Participatory Methods to Increase Women's Participation in Urban Planning', Gender and Development, 23, 1, 2015, 113-126. Alexandra Lange, `Founding Mother: Mariana Griswold Van Rensselaer and the Rise of Architecture Criticism', Places Journal, February 2013. Thaisa Way, `Designing Garden City Landscapes: Works by Marjorie L. Sewell Cautley, 1922-1937', Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes, An International Quarterly, 25, 4, 2005, 297-316. Deneen M. Hatmaker, `Practicing Engineers: Professional Identity Construction Through Role Configuration', Journal of Engineering Studies, 4, 2, 2012, 121-144. Mona Domosh and Liz Bondi, `Remembering the Making of Gender, Place and Culture', Gender, Place & Culture, 21, 9, 2014, 1063-1070. Jasmine Rault, `Designing Sapphic Modernity', Interiors, 1, 1, 2010, 29-43. Barbara Czarniawska, `Women, the City and (Dis)Organizing', Culture And Organization, Vol. 16, Issue 3, 2010, pp. 283-300. James M. Vanderleeuw, Maria E. Sandovici and Christopher A. Jarmon, `Women City Leaders and Postmaterialist Values: Gender Differences in Economic Development Priorities', Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, 32, 3, 2011, 211-236. ã Volume 4: Employment and Educationã ã Sumita Singha, Introduction Valerie Caven, Elena Navarro-Astor and Marie Diop, `A Cross-national Study of Accommodating and "Usurpatory" Practices by Women Architects in the UK, Spain and France', Architectural Theory Review, 17, 2-3, 2012, 365-377. Clara Greed, Sandra Manley and Ann De Graft-Johnson, `Why Women Leave Architecture', University of the West of England and RIBA Research publication, 2003, pp. 1-27. Hilde Heynen, `Genuis, Gender and Architecture: The Star System as Exemplifed in the Pritzker Prize', in `Women, practice, architecture : 'resigned accommodation' and 'usurpatory practice', Architectural Theory Review edited by Naomi Stead, Routledge, 2012, pp.331-364 Amanda Roan and Noami Stead, `A New Institutional Perspective on Women's Position in Architecture Considering the Cases of Australia and Sweden', Architectural Theory Review, 17, 2-3, 2012, 378-398. Denise Scott Brown, `Sexism and the Star System in Architecture', in Dana Arnold (ed.), Reading Architectural History (Routledge, 2003), pp. 205-210. Ann De-graft Johnson and Sandra Manley, `Towards Inclusion: Rethinking Architectural Education', Construction Management and Economics, 31, 8, 2013, 914-927. Fiona Wilson, `Report on Interview Data with Architects', in Human Resources and the Interface of Employment, Family and Occupational Culture, report to the Leverhulme Trust, 2000, pp. 2-29. Charlotte Jones, `Equal to the Job?', Building Design, 11th August, 2000, 9. Laura Mark, `Results of the AJ Women in Architecture Survey Revealed', Architects Journal, 23rd January 2015, 22-36. Gill Mathewson, `Nothing Else Will Do: The Call for Gender Equality in Architecture in Britain', Architectural Theory Review, 17, 2-3, 2012, 245-259. Valerie Craven, `Career Building: Women and Non-standard Employment in Architecture', Construction Management and Economics, 24, 5, 2006, 457-464. Karen Kingsley and Anne Glynn, `Women in the Architectural Workplace', Journal of Architectural Education, 46, 1, 1992, 14-20. Stephen Sewalk and Kandice Nietfeld, `Barriers Preventing Women from Enrolling in Construction Management Programs', International Journal of Construction Education and Research, 9, 4, 2013, 239-255. Sherry Ahrentzen and Kathryn H. Anthony `Sex, Stars, and Studios: A Look at Gendered Educational Practices in Architecture', Journal of Architectural Education, 47, 1993, 11-29 Susan Shannon, `Architecture and Equity: Education and Practice', Architectural Theory Review, 1, 1, 1996, 48-62. Sandra L. Fielden, Marilyn J. Davidson, Andrew W. Gale and Caroline L. Davey, `Women in Construction: The Untapped Resource', Construction Management and Economics, 18, 1, 2000, 113-121. Mary Shepard Spaeth and Katarzyna Kosmala `Identification Through Disidentification: A Life Course Perspective on Professional Belonging', Architectural Theory Review, 17, 2012, 2-3, 216-233. Ann De Graft, Johnson, Sandra Manley and Clara Greed, `Diversity or the Lack of it in the Architectural Profession', Construction Management and Economics, 23, 10, 2005, 1035-1043. Karen Kingsley, `Gender Issues in Teaching Architectural History', Journal of Architectural Education, 41, 2, 1988, 21-25. Karen Burns, `A Girl's Own Adventure: Gender in the Contemporary Architectural Theory Anthology', Journal of Architectural Education, 65, 2, 2012, 125-134. Malene Lytken, `The Danish School of Interior Architecture: A Visionary Functionalist, a Visionary Aesthete, and their Women Students', Journal of Interior Design, 38, 3, 2013, 1-19. Judith Gill, Rhonda Sharp, Julie Mills and Suzanne Franzway, `I Still Wanna be an Engineer! Women, Education and the Engineering Profession', European Journal of Engineering Education, 33, 4, 2008, 391-402 Judith Gill, Julie Mills, Suzanne Franzway and Rhonda Sharp, `Oh You Must Be Very Clever!' High-achieving Women, Professional Power and the Ongoing Negotiation of Workplace Identity', Gender and Education, 20, 3, 2008, 223-236. Jane Wilkinson, Anette Olin, Torbjorn Lund, Ann Ahlberg and Monica Nyvaller, `Leading Praxis: Exploring Educational Leadership through the Lens of Practice Architectures', Pedagogy, Culture and Society, 18, 1, 2010, 67-79. Anders Bergstrom, `Architecture And The Rise Of Practice In Education', Architectural Theory Review, 19, 1, 2014, 10-21. ã ã ã ã ãshow more