Wittgenstein in Exile
Ludwig Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922) and Philosophical Investigations (1953) are among the most influential philosophical books of the twentieth century, and also among the most perplexing. Wittgenstein warned again and again that he was not and would not be understood. Moreover, Wittgenstein's work seems to have little relevance to the way philosophy is done today. In Wittgenstein in Exile, James Klagge proposes a new way of looking at Wittgenstein--as an exile--that helps make sense of this. Wittgenstein's exile was not, despite his wanderings from Vienna to Cambridge to Norway to Ireland, strictly geographical; rather, Klagge argues, Wittgenstein was never at home in the twentieth century. He was in exile from an earlier era--Oswald Spengler's culture of the early nineteenth century.
Klagge draws on the full range of evidence, including Wittgenstein's published work, the complete Nachlaß, correspondence, lectures, and conversations. He places Wittgenstein's work in a broad context, along a trajectory of thought that includes Job, Goethe, and Dostoyevsky. Yet Klagge also writes from an analytic philosophical perspective, discussing such topics as essentialism, private experience, relativism, causation, and eliminativism. Once we see Wittgenstein's exile, Klagge argues, we will gain a better appreciation of the difficulty of understanding Wittgenstein and his work.
- Paperback | 264 pages
- 152 x 229 x 11mm | 340g
- 18 Mar 2014
- MIT Press Ltd
- Mit Press
- Cambridge, United States
- 1 figure; 1 Illustrations, unspecified
Other books in this series
10 May 2016
01 Oct 2010
--Philosophy in Review
"Wittgenstein in Exile is a thought-provoking book...Professor Klagge possesses the ability to formulate--with greater clarity than I myself have been able to muster--thoughts that I have nevertheless frequently had; it is in this regard that I most commend his book."
--British Wittgenstein Society, BookNOTES
"Klagge's discussions are always clear, thoughtful, and intelligent...Klagge does not enter the house of Wittgenstein by the front door but writes for those who, having tried that approach unsuccessfully, want to look around the side to see if there is a way in there. For people in that position this is an excellent resource."
--The Philosopher's Magazine
"An important contribution to research on the philosophy of Wittgenstein...Klagge illuminates numerous themes and passages in Wittgenstein...provocative and stimulating."
--Trenton A. Jerde, Cognitive Critique
"Professor Klagge's detailed knowledge both of the minutest details of Wittgenstein's biography and the whole range of his posthumous philosophical papers lends the study depth...[Klagge] has written a book that is as intelligible as it is humane, which will certainly be immensely useful in helping beginners to appreciate the difficulties but also to enjoy the rewards of learning to philosophize with Wittgenstein."
--Allan Janik, Humanities and Social Sciences Online
"Surprisingly enjoyable...highly engaging. Klagge writes extremely well and shows an unusually high level of scholarship...thoughtfully and often convincingly presented and discussed."
"Rich and varied in content...a stimulating read...Klagge makes fruitful use of less-known Wittgenstein material, such as notes from his lectures...[and] has important things to say on all the issues he raises."
--Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews
"Another and more important reason is the fact that the questions raised by the book will stimulate readers to think about aspects of Wittgenstein and his work that are too often neglected. It is an additional virtue of Klagge's work that the material put at our disposal is rich enough to allow readers to assess a great number of arguments that could be adduced for very different, and perhaps incompatible, readings of Wittgenstein."
--Joachim Schulte, Biography
"I mentioned Wittgenstein's approach to philosophy, and would like to recommend an enthralling and scholarly account of him that I've just read: James Klagge's Wittgenstein in Exile. Among other things, this book is a good companion to thinking about the nature of philosophy."
--Anthony Gottlieb, 3: AM Magazine
About James C. Klagge