Winston's Cumulative Loose-Leaf Encyclopedia; A Comprehensive Reference Book Volume 10
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1921 edition. Excerpt: ...or Chief Burgess and a body of Trustees, Commissioners, Councilmen or Burgesses, who pass local laws or ordinances, levy taxes, and provide for police and fire protection, street paving, sewerage, etc.; and School Directors, who provide for the needs of the schools. It may also have a Clerk, a Treasurer, Assessors, a Tax Collector, a Constable and a Street Commissioner. City Government.--When the village or borough grows to a large size, it becomes a city: it is still organized under a charter from the Stati-, but with broader functions and greater powers. The city always has two departments--executive and legislative--the judicial department being a part of the State government. The Mayor is the executive officer of the city. His powers and functions vary greatly. He is nearly always elected by the people, but in a few cases is chosen by the City Council. His term of office varies from one to four years. His chief duty is to carry out the ordinances of the Council. In most cities he can veto an ordinance, but it can be passed over his veto by a two-thirds or three-fourths vote. The City Council is the legislative department of the city. In large cities it often has two branches, whose members are called Aldermen and Councilmen, or Select and Common Councilmen. These members are usually elected by wards. They meet in the city hall and make laws, called ordinances, for the government of the city. Their powers and limitations are denned by the State legislature. The Commission Plan.--In many cities of the country, more than.'100 in number, the 'Commission' plan of city government has been adopted. The commission consists of a Mayor and a small body of Councilmen or Aldermen, each the head of a department, and all elected by the whole body...
- 189 x 246 x 15mm | 503g
- 13 Sep 2013
- Illustrations, black and white