William Langland; A Grammatical Treatise

William Langland; A Grammatical Treatise

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1874 edition. Excerpt: ...bycgan (emere)--bugge pr. 168; licgan (jacere)--liggen pr. 91; secgan (dicere)--segge V, 617 (abbreviated to: sey pr. 52); brycg (pons)----brugge V, 601; secg (vir)----segges pl. pr. 160. The double consonant ch was unknown in AngloSaxon and became introduced later, to mark 'the sound of the softened c; yet it was also used as a sign for the guttural c, merely from a tendency to represent the etymology of the word. The A.-S. g _ I. at the beginning of words 1) appears as guttural g: guma (vir)--gome V, 541; gamen (ludus)---gamen 153; gripan--gripeth (to clutch) III, 248. 2) softens to 3, from which it becomes gradually vocalised: ger (year)-----3ere pr. 189; gyrn (desirous)--3erne I, 35; gcong (young)--_3onge III, 213; gelic (alike)--ilyke I, 50; genog (enough)? ynowe II, 143; gemang (among)--amongc pr. 196; gif (if)---3if. To this class of words also belong the Past Participles in which the A.-S. Prefix ge is changed into y; comp. s. v. Inflection. II. in the middle of words, it 1) is retained after a supporting consonant or in the Reduplication, arisen from cg (comp. c. VII): hungor (Germ. Hunger)--hunger V, 388. 2) is softened into w (w, v, u): lagu (lex)--lawe pr. 212; vagian (ire)--wawe VII, 79; fugel (avis) foules pl. VII, 124; dragan (trahere)-----drawen VII, 56; morgen (morrow)--morwe II, 43; fylgan (sequi)---folweth I, 40. 3) is softened to 3 and vocalised: eage (oculus)--ei3en pl. V, 396; fdger (pulcher)---faire I, 4; fdgen (laetus)--_ faine II, 77; tvegen (duo)--tweyne V, 31; mdgden (maiden)--maydenes pl. II, 43; eglan (dolere)--eyleth VI, 129. 4) is dropped in: lengten, lencten (Lent)--lenten pr. 91. III. at the end of words, is vocalised in most cases: veg (via)--wey pr. 48; ldg pret. of licgan (jacere)--lay pr. 9. This...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 26 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 1mm | 68g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236750845
  • 9781236750846