Who Knew? : Responsiblity Without Awareness
To be responsible for their acts, agents must both perform those acts voluntarily and in some sense know what they are doing. Of these requirements, the voluntariness condition has been much discussed, but the epistemic condition has received far less attention. In Who Knew? George Sher seeks to rectify that imbalance. The book is divided in two halves, the first of which criticizes a popular but inadequate way of understanding the epistemic condition, while the second seeks to develop a more adequate alternative. It is often assumed that agents are responsible only for what they are aware of doing or bringing about-that their responsibility extends only as far as the searchlight of their consciousness. The book criticizes this "searchlight view" on two main grounds: first, that it is inconsistent with our attributions of responsibility to a broad range of agents who should but do not realize that they are acting wrongly or foolishly, and, second, that the view is not independently defensible.
- Paperback | 168 pages
- 137.16 x 203.2 x 15.24mm | 204.12g
- 06 Aug 2009
- Oxford University Press
- Oxford, United Kingdom
Table of contents
Acknowledgements ; 1. The Searchlight View ; 2. Responsibility Without Awareness ; 3. Responsibility and Practical Reason ; 4. Kantian Fairness ; 5. Knew-Or Should Have Known? ; 6. A New Beginning ; 7. Setting the Norms of Recognition ; 8. The Responsible Self ; 9. Out of Control ; Index
In enviably lucid prose, Sher offers an indictment of our unreflective inclinations to center the epistemic condition exclusively on conscious awareness.... Sher's book is a powerful reminder that theorists of responsibility ought to be taking its epistemic dimension more seriously. It is a superb piece of writing and a significant philosophical contribution. * Neal A. Tognazzini, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews * In Who Knew Sher provides a penetrating account of the important but often taken-for-granted connection between epistemic conditions and the ascribing of moral responsibility. Using nine case studies to illustrate the complex nature of one of philosophy's most discussed relations, namely, prudence and morality, Sher sheds new light on the discussion. This work will be useful for those concerned with ethics, moral theory, and applied ethics. Recommended. * CHOICE * This is an excellent book: concise yet carefully argued, elegantly structured, and persuasive. Anyone interested in questions of moral responsibility will benefit from engaging with its subtle and challenging arguments. * Angela M. Smith, Social Theory and Practice *
About George Sher
George Sher is Herber S. Autrey Professor of Philosophy at Rice University.