What is this thing called Metaethics?

What is this thing called Metaethics?

3.33 (6 ratings by Goodreads)
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Description

Are moral standards relative to cultures? Are there any moral facts? What is goodness? If there are moral facts how do we learn about them? These are all questions in metaethics, the branch of ethics that investigates the status of morality, the nature of ethical facts, and the meaning of ethical statements. To the uninitiated it can appear abstract and far removed from its two more concrete cousins, ethical theory and applied ethics, yet it is one of the fastest-growing and most exciting areas of ethics. What is this thing called Metaethics? demystifies this important subject and is ideal for students coming to it for the first time. Beginning with a brief historical overview of metaethics and the development of a "conceptual toolkit," Matthew Chrisman introduces and assesses the following key topics:





* ethical reality: including questions about naturalism and non-naturalism, moral facts, and the distinction between realism and antirealism


* ethical language: does language represent reality? What mental states are expressed by moral statements?


* ethical psychology: the Humean theory of motivation and the connection between moral judgement and motivation


* ethical knowledge: intuitionist and coherentist moral epistemologies, and theories of objectivity and relativism in metaethics


* new directions in metaethics, including non-traditional theories and extensions to metaepistemology and metanormative theory.





Additional features such as chapter summaries, questions of understanding, and a glossary make this an ideal introduction to metaethics.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 152 pages
  • 174 x 246 x 12.7mm | 340g
  • Routledge
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 4 Tables, black and white; 3 Illustrations, black and white
  • 1138827622
  • 9781138827622
  • 683,431

Table of contents

Acknowledgements


Preface





Introduction





Chapter 1. Four Key Issues


Questions about Ethics and Metaphysics


Questions about Ethics and Epistemology


Questions about Ethics and Philosophy of Language


Questions about Ethics and Philosophy of Mind





Chapter 2. Nonnaturalism


A More Precise Characterization


The Case for Nonnaturalism


Arguments against Nonnaturalism





Chapter 3. Expressivism


Arguments in Favor of Expressivism


Versions and Objections





Chapter 4. Error Theory & Fictionalism


Mackie's Arguments for Error Theory


Objections and Replies


Versions of Fictionalism





Chapter 5. Naturalism


Neo-Aristotelian Naturalism


Relativism as a Form of Naturalism


A Posteriori Naturalism


A Priori Network Naturalism





Chapter 6. Summary and Chart


The Four Main Areas


Costs and Benefits





Chapter 7. Theories That Are Hard to Classify in Traditional Terms


Beliefs or Desires-Why Not a Bit of Both?


Ethical Facts-Why do they have to be "out there"?


Pragmatism





Chapter 8. Outstanding Issues


From Metaethics to Metanormative Theory


From Metaethics to Metaepistemology


Glossary


Index
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Review Text

"This is an outstanding introductory text that combines clear, concise, and detailed coverage of all of the traditional metaethical positions, with original and distinctive treatments of new developments in metaethics, and with a fascinating discussion of how metaethical thinking relates to more broadly normative issues. It will be an excellent resource for students and their teachers alike."
Michael Brady, University of Glasgow, UK
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Review quote

"This is an outstanding introductory text that combines clear, concise, and detailed coverage of all of the traditional metaethical positions, with original and distinctive treatments of new developments in metaethics, and with a fascinating discussion of how metaethical thinking relates to more broadly normative issues. It will be an excellent resource for students and their teachers alike."
Michael Brady, University of Glasgow, UK
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About Matthew Chrisman

Matthew Chrisman teaches and researches ethics, epistemology, and philosophy of language at the University of Edinburgh, UK. He also works on action theory, political philosophy, deontic logic and the ethics of climate change.
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Rating details

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3 33% (2)
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