The Westminster Review Volume 23

The Westminster Review Volume 23

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1835 edition. Excerpt: read the pages of their history. The 1Eolic and Dorian migrations also contributed to cover Asia with their colonies, the former being anterior, the latter subsequent to the invasion of Nelus; these were less distinguished than the Ionian: the history of their foundation and laws is the same. The praise which Montesquieu bestows on the Lycian Republic of those times should not here be omitted. 'If I were to ofl'er, ' says he, 'a model of a good fedcrative republic, I would take the republic of Lycia.' Lycia was colonized by Cretans, and its laws were framed after the constitution of that island. Its towns had each the right of suffrage in the General Council of the nation; but the great had three voices, the less two, and the least considerable one. It was in this Diet that the Lyciarch, or Chief of the Confederation of Lycia, and the other magistrates, were elected; it was here also they deliberated on peace, war, and alliances, and all civil matters which could not be decided by the Courts of Justice were brought here for final judgnyent. Each town contributed its share to the public expenses, and derived its elective franchise from the suffrages of this assembly. It was owing to the strength and temper of this constitution, that the liberty of Lycia survived that of the Greek colonies, and was not trampled down even by the march of the Roman legions. As the stones of the sea become smooth and polished by the agitation of the waters that surround them, so the Greeks may be said to have derived much of their splendor from the continual commotions in which they lived. Each species of government was tried by them, and each was found to possess its imperfections and vices. Monarchy was succeeded by more

Product details

  • Paperback | 362 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 19mm | 644g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236901843
  • 9781236901842