The Westminster Review Volume . 153
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1900 edition. Excerpt: ... 18741 Lord Carnarvon became Colonial Minister, and encouraged by the success of the Canadian Confederation of 1867, in which he had taken a leading part, he forwarded a similar scheme to the Governor at the Cape. As an exponent of his policy he sent out Mr. Froude, but before his arrival the Cape Assembly had passed a resolution (June 1875) to the effect that such a movement should originate in South Africa. The prevailing opinion was clearly in favour of some form of Federation, and a man of some diplomatic experience and tact might have revived and led the movement, but Froude, possessing neither, by his ill-considered public utterances speedily found himself in antagonism with the Governor, his Ministers, and public opinion throughout the colony. At the special request of Lord Carnarvon, Sir Bartle Frere went out to carry through, if possible, a South African Confederation under the British flag. He had scarcely landed when the annexation of the Transvaal by Sir Theophilus Shepstone, on April 12, 1877, was announced. The Republic, as we have seen, was in a parlous state. Its treasury was empty, its civil and military organisation had collapsed, its President had resigned, its forces had been repulsed by the Matabele under Secocoeni, who was carrying fire and sword through the northern districts. On the east three large bodies of Zulus, between 30,000 and 40,000 in number, were gathered on the border, only waiting the word from Cetewayo to carry destruction up to the VoL. I53.---No. 4. 2 B very walls of Pretoria. If Shepstone had delayed the annexation few months longer---Mr. Rider Haggard says a few weeks 1--it probable that the Boers would have been wiped out, together Lt such English settlers as there then were? He would appear, hr....
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