West African 'ulama' and Salafism in Mecca and Medina

West African 'ulama' and Salafism in Mecca and Medina : Jawab al-Ifr q - The Response of the African

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Chanfi Ahmed shows how West African 'ulama', who fled the European colonization of their region to settle in Mecca and Medina, helped the regime of King Ibn Sa'ud at its beginnings in the field of teaching and spreading the Salaf -Wahhab 's Islam both inside and outside Saudi Arabia. This is against the widespread idea of considering the spread of the Salaf -Wahhab doctrine as being the work of 'ulama' from Najd (Central Arabia) only. We learn here that the diffusion of this doctrine after 1926 was much more the work of 'ulama' from other parts of the Muslim World who had already acquired this doctrine and spread it in their countries by teaching and publishing books related to it. In addition Chanfi Ahmed demonstrates that concerning Islamic reform and mission (da'wa), Africans are not just consumers, but also thinkers and designers.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 214 pages
  • 155 x 235 x 17.78mm | 482g
  • Leiden, Netherlands
  • English
  • 9004270310
  • 9789004270312

Table of contents

1 Hijra on the Sudan Road (Tariq al-Sudan)
Hijra in Islam and West Africa: A Movement of People, Ideas, and Hope
Hijra, Jihad, the Mahdi, and Hajj in Islam and in West African Islam
The Hijra Related to the Mahdi
The Reaction of the Colonizers to the Muhajirin

2 The 'Ulama' Forerunners of the Hijra and Teachers in the Mosque of the Prophet in Medina
Shaykh Alfa Hashim al-Futi (1866-1931): A Genius for Survival
Muhammad 'Abdallah b. Mahmud al-Madani (Ag Mahmud Abdullahi): The "Intransigent" Salafi Missionary

3 The 'Ulama' of the Second Generation, Heirs of the Hijra and Teachers in the First Islamic Institutes in Saudi Arabia
Hammad al-Ansari (1344-1418/1925-97)
"Rihlat min Ifriqya ila bilad al-haramayn" [Traveling from Africa to the two holy cities]
The Ansar al-Sunna in Sudan
The Legacy of Shaykh Hammad al-Ansari in West Africa
'Abd al-Rahman Yusuf al-Ifriqi
Jawab al-Ifriqi [Response of the African]
Tawdih al-hajj wa-l-'umra kama ja'a fi l-kitab wa-l-sunna [Explanation of hajj and 'umra according to the Qur'an and the Sunna]

4 The Dar al-Hadith in Medina and the Ahl al-Hadith
The Dar al-Hadith in Mecca
The Establishment and Expansion of the Ahl al-Hadith Movement in the Eighteenth Century
Muhammad Hayat al-Sindi (d. 1163/1750)
Wali Allah Dihlawi (1703-63)
Salih al-Fullani (1752-3/1803)
Muhammad b. 'Ali l-Shawkani (1173-1250/1760-1832)
Nadhir Husayn Dihlawi (1805-1902)
Sadiq Hasan Khan (1834-90)
Sana'ullah Amristari (1868-1948)
The Doctrine of Ahl al-Hadith as Reflected by these 'Ulama'
A Brief Political History of the Hijaz in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
Educational Institutions Founded in the Hijaz by the Ottomans and the Ashraf
Nation-State or Umma-State: 'Ulama' Support of the Saudi State
Ma'had al-Riyad al-'Ilmi (Riyadh Institute of Islamic Religious Sciences)

5 The 'Ulama' of the Third Generation: Teachers and Administrators in the First Islamic Universities of Saudi Arabia
Shaykh 'Umar b. Muhammad Fallata (1345-1419/1926-98)
Writings, Lectures, and Teaching of 'Umar Fallata
Muhammad al-Amin al-Jakani l-Shinqiti (Ab Wuld Ukhtur) (1325-93/1907-73)
The Writings of Shaykh Shinqiti

6 Africa in the Islamic University of Medina
History of the Foundation of the University
Africa in the Da'wa Policy of the Islamic University of Medina and of the Saudi State as Reflected in the Statutes and Other Texts of the University
Da'wa in Africa By and With the Africans
Shaykh Taqi l-Din al-Hilali (d. 1407/1987)

7 Biography (Tarjama) in the Islamic Tradition according to the 'Ulama'
The Concept and Tradition of Tarjama (Biography) according to 'Umar Fallata and 'Atiyya Salim
'Atiyya Muhammad Salim with al-Ifriqi and al-Shinqiti
The Teaching Method of al-Ifriqi (Manhaj al-Ifriqi)
'Atiyya Muhammad Salim with Shaykh al-Amin al-Shinqiti (Ab Wuld Ukhtur)
The Tarjama according to Shaykh 'Umar Fallata in his Conference Paper on Shaykh 'Abd al-Rahman al-Ifriqi
An Interpretation


Works and Primary Sources in Arabic
Works in Other Languages
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Review quote

'Chanfi Ahmed's West African Ulama and Salafism in Mecca and Medina. Jawab al-Ifr q - The Response of the African presents a critical approach into the study of what could be termed as the encroachment of Wahabbism in present West Africa in general and Nigeria, Mali, and Mauritania in particular. [...] Chanfi therefore, gives detailed information on the first set of migrants to Mecca and Medina, their interpretation of Hijra, and Jihad, and a description of the routes they followed in the cause of the migration and the factors that led to it.' - Yusuf Abdullahi Yusuf, University of Jos, in: African Studies Quarterly Volume 16, Issue 2 (March, 2016)

'It is more likely than not, that students of Islam in Africa, Arabists as well as Africanists will find Chanfi's work rich, engaging and, at the same time, stimulating. His scholarly horizons as well as his wit reading of Arabic texts bring excitement to observers of the African condition who are interested in finding today's questions in yesterday's answers. West African 'ulama' and Salafism in Mecca and Medina evokes what is achievable in the task of retrieving Africa's reservoir of history when multidimensional linguistic skills are summoned to exhume the corpus of the African past.' - Mbaye Lo, Duke University, in: Research Africa Review Vol. 1 No. 1 pp.18-21, June 2017 [https://sites.duke.edu/researchafrica/ra-reviews/vol-1-no-1/]
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About Chanfi Ahmed

Chanfi Ahmed has been trained in Islamic studies and received his PhD in Social History at the EHESS in Paris. Until 2013 he was a Research Fellow at the Zentrum Moderner Orient (ZMO) in Berlin. His books include Islam et politique aux Comores, Paris, 2000, Ngoma et mission islamique (Da'wa) aux Comores et en Afrique orientale. Une approche anthropologique, Paris, 2002; Les conversions a l'Islam fondamentaliste en Afrique au sud du Sahara. Le cas de la Tanzanie et du Kenya, Paris, 2008.
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