Vietnam in the Global Economy

Vietnam in the Global Economy : The Dynamics of Integration, Decentralization, and Contested Politics

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This book describes in a game-theoretical approach how the development success story Vietnam managed to keep rent seeking in check sufficiently to attract record numbers of foreign investors and exhibit strong economic growth in the early stages of its economic reforms. It concludes that pluralistic contestation among societal interests under conditions of factor mobility can lead to the same benefits that are generally associated with liberal democracy-commitment to limited government through checks and balances.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 312 pages
  • 73.66 x 73.66 x 12.7mm | 566.99g
  • Lexington Books
  • Lanham, MD, United States
  • English
  • 46 tables, 20 graphs
  • 0739177869
  • 9780739177860
  • 1,253,639

Review quote

Beginning in 1986, Vietnam's party leaders reversed course and introduced a series of economic reforms. Jandl analyzes these momentous changes by examining the whys and hows. The thus far successful reforms have pulled millions out of mass poverty to create a middle-class country, not a Marxist workers' paradise. The author reports that by the mid-1980s, the ruling party's legitimacy was rapidly eroding due to the country's declining economic performance and worsening living conditions, compounded by recurring famine. Initiating reforms became one survival option for party elites, and soon success became contagious. Interprovincial competition set off a race for more market opening and deregulatory measures. Economic development via decentralization, liberalization, and privatization became the mode. This also helped Vietnam attract foreign capital. Jandl concludes that such 'success was serendipitous' and never centrally planned. He purposely focuses on the successful phase of reform (still unfolding) to 2008, the year of the global financial crisis that battered the regional economies...This volume sheds much light on the timely issue of distinguishing among the state-led development experiences in Asia. Summing Up: Recommended. Graduate through professional collections. CHOICE Vietnam in the Global Economy is an extraordinarily fertile resource for PhD candidates, a book rich with propositions just begging to be tested. Jandl's analysis of what has gone before [in Vietnam] provides an essential foundation for understanding these events. Contemporary Southeast Asia Jandl's timely book on post-war Vietnam focuses on the reasons for the success of the 1986 reforms. He argues that these reforms credibly committed the central government to a devolution of power and authority to the provinces in the form of market-preserving federalism. This devolution provided the basis for competition among sub-national governments that led to sub-national public goods provision, the attraction of foreign investment, and competitive production for international markets. Jandl shows how the reforms harmonized the major interests in society, reducing the possibility of a political backlash against the reforms. This is an important work for the study of the East Asian model of growth and political development more generally. -- Barry R. Weingast, professor & chair of the Department of Political Science, Stanford University
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About Thomas Jandl

Thomas Jandl is scholar in residence at the School of International Service at American University. He is also a consultant to the government of Vietnam in economic policy matters.
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Table of contents

Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter 2: Theory and Research Methodology Chapter 3: From Roving to Stationary Bandit-A History Chapter 4: Decentralization, FDI, and Provincial Governance Chapter 5: Proximity and Contestation Chapter 6: Race to the Bottom vs. Harmony of Interest Chapter 7: Capital-Labor Relations and the Harmony of Interest Chapter 8: Central-Local Harmony and Political Control Chapter 9: Lessons for Theory and Practice Epilogue Appendix 1: The PAPI Appendix 2: List of Interviews
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