The Vienna Summit and Its Importance in International History

The Vienna Summit and Its Importance in International History

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At the beginning of June 1961, the tensions of the Cold War were supposed to abate as both sides sought a resolution. The two most important men in the world, John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev, met for a summit in Vienna. Yet the high hopes were disappointed. Within months the Cold War had become very hot: Khrushchev built the Berlin Wall and a year later he sent missiles to Cuba to threaten the United States directly. Despite the fact that the Vienna Summit yielded barely any tangible results, it did lead to some very important developments. In The Vienna Summit and Its Importance in International History international experts use new Russian and Western sources to analyze what really happened during this critical time and why the parties had a close shave with catastrophe.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 540 pages
  • 154.94 x 231.14 x 38.1mm | 907.18g
  • Lexington Books
  • Lanham, MD, United States
  • English
  • 5 Halftones, black and white
  • 073918556X
  • 9780739185568

Review quote

Based on Russian and US archives and the multinational research efforts of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for the Study of the Consequences of War in Graz, Austria, in conjunction with the Contemporary History Archives (RGANI) in Moscow and the Institute of Contemporary History in Munich-Berlin, this book represents a definitive study of the bilateral Vienna Summit meeting of Nikita Khrushchev and John F. Kennedy. The authors of the various articles are top scholars and, in the case of Ted Sorensen and Viktor Sukhodrev, participants in the summit. This valuable contribution to the history of the Vienna Summit's place in international history and in the history of the Cold War offers fresh assessments of Kennedy, Khrushchev, and the Kremlin's decision-making process. It shows, too, that the US had accepted the Soviet sphere of influence in Eastern Europe. The book is rich in documents and should be in every research library. Includes a useful introduction, index, and bibliography. Summing Up: Essential. All academic levels/libraries. CHOICE John Kennedy's meeting with Nikita Khrushchev in Vienna in early June 1961 spawned a running controversy among political observers and scholars. Did Kennedy encourage Khrushchev's attempts to take control of West Berlin by appearing weak? Or, did Khrushchev misread Kennedy's resolve and overplay his hand, leading to the construction of the Berlin Wall (which Khrushchev earlier did not want) and his subsequent humiliation during the Cuban Missile Crisis? This volume provides both key documents and informed commentary that should resolve these controversies. It turns out that the truth is more complicated than the simplistic interpretations that were long current. This collection will be an essential reference for scholars of international relations, of European history, and of the diplomacy of the Cold War. -- Jack F. Matlock, Jr., U.S. Ambassador to the USSR, 1987-1991, Author of Reagan and Gorbachev: How the Cold War Endedshow more

About Gunter Bischof

Gunter Bischof is a university research professor and director of CenterAustria at the University of New Orleans, Louisiana. Stefan Karner is head of the Department of Economic, Social, and Business History at the University of Graz and director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Research of War Consequences, Graz-Vienna. Barbara Stelzl-Marx is deputy director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Research of War Consequences and lecturer at the University of Graz.show more

Table of contents

Part I: Introduction and Historical Context 1. Introduction: The Vienna Summit and Its Importance in International History Gunter Bischof, Stefan Karner, Barbara Stelzl-Marx 2. Summitry in the Twentieth Century: An Overview David Reynolds Part II: Contextualizing the Vienna Summit United States, France, and Great Britain 3. "The First Test of [...] Detente Will Be the Berlin Negotiation": Berlin, Disarmament, and the 1960 Paris Summit Richard D. Williamson 4. "Vienna, a City that is Symbolic of the Possibility of Finding Equitable Solutions": John F. Kennedy and His European Summitry in Early June 1961 Gunter Bischof and Martin Kofler 5. Great Britain and the Vienna Summit of June 1961 Anne Deighton 6. Paris as Beneficiary of the Unsuccessful Vienna Summit Georges-Henri Soutou Soviet Union 7. Soviet-American Relations in the Early 1960s Vladimir Pechatnov 8. Between Pragmatism and Ideology: The U.S. -Soviet Negotiating Process in the Khrushchev Era Ol'ga Pavlenko Asia and Africa 9. Casting a Long Shadow over Vienna: The Chinese Factor in the Vienna Summit Michail Prozumenshchikov 10. Laos and the Vienna Summit Lawrence Freedman Part III: The Summit 11. Two Days of Drama: Preparation and Execution of the Vienna Summit Barbara Stelzl-Marx 12. A Difficult Education: John F. Kennedy and Nikita S. Khrushchev in Vienna Timothy Naftali 13. "Summit Ladies": Gender Arrangements, Media Staging, and Symbolic Scenes of the 1961Vienna Summit Talks Ingrid Bauer 14. Moral Masculinity: Gender, Power, and the Kennedy-Khrushchev Relationship Jennifer Lynn Walton 15. On the Significance of Austrian Neutrality for Soviet Foreign Policy under Nikita S. Khrushchev Peter Ruggenthaler 16. The Personal Recollections of a Presidential Adviser in Vienna Ted Sorensen 17. The Personal Recollections of Khrushchev's Interpreter in Vienna Viktor Sukhodrev Part IV: The Berlin Crisis 18. Khrushchev, the Berlin Wall, and the Demand for a Peace Treaty, 1961-1963 Gerhard Wettig 19. The Vienna Summit and the Construction of the Berlin Wall Manfred Wilke Appendices Appendix 1: Soviet Kennedy Profile Appendix 2: CIA Profile of Krushchev in Kennedy's Briefing Papers Appendix 4: Krushchev's Presidium Statement before the Vienna Trip Appendix 3-1: Memorandum of Conversation, Vienna, 3 June 1961, 12:45 p.m. Appendix 3-2: Memorandum of Conversation, Vienna, 3 June 1961, 3 p.m. Appendix 3-3: Memorandum of Conversation, Vienna, 4 June 1961, 10:15 a.m. Bibliography About the Contributorsshow more

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