Victor Von Richter's Organic Chemistry; Or, Chemistry of the Carbon Compounds Volume N . 1

Victor Von Richter's Organic Chemistry; Or, Chemistry of the Carbon Compounds Volume N . 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1900 edition. Excerpt: ...boiling it with baryta water. It has also been obtained from the brain substance. It occurs with the ptomaines--alkaloids of decay, partly poisonous and partly non-toxic. It may be derived from the bromide corresonding to choline (obtained by treating ethylene bromide with trimethylamine), and the iodide (resulting from the action of HI upon choline) when they are subjected to the action of moist silver oxide: CH..OH M CH2I Ag20 CH2 1-J CH, N(CH8)jOH CH, N(CH, ), I H o CHN(CH, ), OH Choline Neurine. COO Betaine, Oxyneurine, Lycine, Trimethyl glycocoll, I is CH2N(CH3)3' allied to choline. It is obtained by the careful oxidation of choline (Liebreich, B. 2, 13): Its hydrochloride is obtained directly by synthesis, when trimethylamine is heated with monochloracetic acid (B. 2, 167; 3, 161): (CII, ), N + CH2C1. CO. OH = (ch, ), nqh' ' CO' 0H, and on heating amidoacetic acid (glycocoll), NH2. CH2. COOH, with methyl iodide, caustic potash and wood spirit. Betaine occurs already formed in the sugar-beet (Scheibler, B. 2, 292; 3, 155), Beta vulgaris, hence is present in the molasses from the beet, and makes the latter valuable for the obtainment of trimethyl amine. It is also found in the leaves and stalks of Lycium barbarum, in cottonseed, and in malt and wheat sprouts (B. 26, 2151). It crystallizes with one molecule of water in deliquescent crystals, in which there is present the acid HO. N(CH3)3. CHj. CO.H. At ioo this ammonium hydroxide loses one molecule of water, and the cyclic ammo COO nium salt, I, is produced. CH, N(CH, ), ' pir c Diethyleneimide Oxide, Morpholine, 0c, .1' c., NH, is produced when dioxyethylamine is heated to 1600 with hydrochloric acid, and upon distillation with caustic potash. See IS. 32, 2081, for homologous morphoshow more

Product details

  • Paperback | 288 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 15mm | 517g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236499816
  • 9781236499813