Useful Bodies
11%
off

Useful Bodies : Humans in the Service of Medical Science in the Twentieth Century

3 (1 rating by Goodreads)
Edited by  , Edited by  , Edited by 

Free delivery worldwide

Available. Dispatched from the UK in 2 business days
When will my order arrive?

Description

Though notoriously associated with Germany, human experimentation in the name of science has been practiced in other countries, as well, both before and after the Nazi era. The use of unwitting or unwilling subjects in experiments designed to test the effects of radiation and disease on the human body emerged at the turn of the twentieth century, when the rise of the modern, coercive state and the professionalization of medical science converged. Useful Bodies explores the intersection of government power and medical knowledge in revealing studies of human experimentation-germ warfare and jaundice tests in Great Britain; radiation, malaria, and hepatitis experiments in the U.S.; and nuclear fallout trials in Australia. These examples of medical abuse illustrate the extent to which living human bodies have been "useful" to democratic states and emphasize the need for intense scrutiny and regulation to prevent future violations.Contributors: Brian Balmer, University College London; Miriam Boleyn-Fitzgerald, University of Wisconsin; Rodney A. Hayward, University of Michigan; Joel D. Howell, University of Michigan; Margaret Humphreys, Duke University; David S. Jones, Massachusetts General Hospital; Robert L. Martensen, Tulane University School of Medicine; Glenn Mitchell, University of Wollongong; Jenny Stanton, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Gilbert Whittemore, independent scholar/attorney, Bostonshow more

Product details

  • Paperback | 240 pages
  • 134.62 x 208.28 x 15.24mm | 181.44g
  • JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Baltimore, MD, United States
  • English
  • No
  • 0801889685
  • 9780801889684
  • 1,318,710

Review quote

Offers worthwhile lessons for contemporary researchers, scholars, and policy makers... [and] makes a strong case for adopting a broad perspective in the analysis of research ethics... Besides gaining a rich picture of past scientific practices, readers will be better equipped to monitor the continuing search of 'useful bodies' in our own era. -- Rebecca Dresser * Nature Medicine * Each chapter is a startling case study that examines the nature and degree of the state's involvement in human experimentation... With contributions by leading historians of medicine, science, and public policy, Useful Bodies will be of interest to ethicists, bioethicists and those engaged in the formulation of public health and policy. * Issues in Law and Medicine * The well-documented essays cite a rich body of sources. -- Susanna Cunningham * Journal of Clinical Investigation * This excellent volume treats human experimentation in Britain and the United States from 1920 to 1970. -- Londa Schiebinger * American Historical Review * Using specific examples of biomedical research in the 20th century, this collection addresses the role and treatment of the body by biomedical researchers. * Choice * These articles make a significant contribution to our understanding of the role of the state in human subjects research. -- Margot Iverson * Journal of the History of Biology * Although the chapters examine the tensions and moral ambiguities in research supported, sponsored, or performed by researchers in democratic states, the time period from which these cases are drawn makes a comparison with the research supported and performed by the Nazi government inevitable and disturbing. I highly recommend this book to those interested in the history and ethics of human experimentation. -- Lainie Friedman Ross * Perspectives in Biology and Medicine * Well-written and meticulously researched, these essays offer the historical context to understand and evaluate human experimentation. -- Karen Ross * Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences * With a refreshing lack of sensationalism, the essays offer fascinating details and perspectives on human experimentation conducted or funded by governments. -- Norman M. Goldfarb * Journal of Clinical Research Best Practices *show more

Back cover copy

Though notoriously associated with Germany, human experimentation in the name of science has been practiced in other countries as well, both before and since the Nazi era. Useful Bodies explores the intersection of government power and medical knowledge in revealing studies of human experimentation--germ warfare and jaundice tests in Great Britain; radiation, malaria, and hepatitis experiments in the United States; and nuclear fallout trials in Australia. "Makes a strong case for adopting a broad perspective in the analysis of research ethics... Besides gaining a rich picture of past scientific practices, readers will be better equipped to monitor the continuing search of 'useful bodies' in our own era."-- Nature Medicine "Each chapter is a startling case study that examines the nature and degree of the state's involvement in human experimentation... With contributions by leading historians of medicine, science, and public policy, Useful Bodies will be of interest to ethicists, bioethicists and those engaged in the formulation of public health and policy."-- Issues in Law and Medicine "A significant contribution to our understanding of the role of the state in human subjects research."-- Journal of the History of Biology "Well written and meticulously researched, these essays offer the historical context to understand and evaluate human experimentation."-- Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences Jordan Goodman is an honorary research fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at University College London. Anthony McElligott is founding professor of history and director of the Centre for Historical Research at the University of Limerick. Lara Marks is a visiting senior research associate at Cambridge University and an honorary senior lecturer at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.show more

About Jordan Goodman

Jordan Goodman is an honorary research fellow at the Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at University College London. Anthony McElligott is founding professor of history at the University of Limerick and director of the Centre for Historical Research. Lara Marks is a visiting senior research associate at Cambridge University and an honorary senior lecturer at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.show more

Table of contents

Contents:1. Making Human Bodies Useful: Historicizing Medical Experiments in the Twentieth CenturyPART I: What Is a Human Experiment?2. Using the Population Body to Protect the National Body: Germ Warfare Tests in the United Kingom after World War II3. Whose Body? Which Disease? Studying Malaria while Treating NeurosyphilisPART II: Who Experiments?4. Human Radiation Experiments and the Foundation of Medical Physics at the University of California, San Francisco and Berkeley, 1937-19625. "I Have Been on Tenterhooks": Wartime Medical Research Council Jaundice Committee Experiments6. See an Atomic Blast and Spread the Word : Indoctrination at Ground ZeroPART III: Whose Body?7. Injecting Comatose Patients with Uranium: America's Overlapping Wars Against Communism and Cancer in the 1950's8. Writing Wilowbrook, Reading Willowbrook: The Recounting of a Medical Experimentshow more

Rating details

1 ratings
3 out of 5 stars
5 0% (0)
4 0% (0)
3 100% (1)
2 0% (0)
1 0% (0)
Book ratings by Goodreads
Goodreads is the world's largest site for readers with over 50 million reviews. We're featuring millions of their reader ratings on our book pages to help you find your new favourite book. Close X