Upper California

Upper California

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1904 edition. Excerpt: ...the cultivation of hemp and cotton, and other matters needed by the Government, even if they had to neglect vineyards and other occupations. Besides these contributions, the Indians were armed for service, if needed in case of invasion. The Governor in January of the same year called for a trained body of forty Indian archers at each mission and a hundred and fifty horses ready for service, and Payeras enjoined compliance. The friars showed a realization of their duties as citizens as well as missionaries in the trying position which political events had brought on them. A demand of the Governor for taxes, made in 1817, was firmly resisted in the interests of the Indian converts. Both Payeras and Sarria were inflexible on that point. The Spanish law exempted Indian converts in California from all taxation, and their Guardians would not sanction an abrogation of their rights. Sola consented to make no attempt at taxation, in consideration of an increase in the supplies furnished as loans, and the law remained unchanged till the close of Spanish rule. A little later Payeras, when Prefect, resisted with equal firmness the Governor's demand for invoices of goods sold by the missions to foreign ships. He pointed out that the friars were, legally, the exclusive guardians of the missions, and, as such, not liable to render accounts, which were no part of their duties. He claimed that the progress already made was sufficient proof that the missions were properly managed, and further that they had borne most of the expenses of government for ten years. They were ready to bear it still, though not as a legal obligation. He added that their property, though large, was almost wholly in the form of buildings, cattle or stores. Few missions, he...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 160 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 9mm | 299g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236931556
  • 9781236931559