Universal Cyclopaedia and Atlas Volume 6

Universal Cyclopaedia and Atlas Volume 6

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1903 edition. Excerpt: ...to assimilate the methods of ethics to the principles laid down by Aristotle for the urely theoretical sciences. In this sense he ma be regar ed as the founder of intuitionalism. oman De'velopment.---The later development of the theory took two directions. The Neo-Platonic movement carried to its extreme the postulate underlying all Greek theories of knowing--that like is known by like--and ve rise to the mystical theory of intuitionalism, holding all knowledge to involve a complete absorption of both subject and object into one underived and undifferentiated state of being. This idea leaves its impress upon the whole mystical side of the Catholic faith in the idea of the " beatific vision." The counterpart of mysticism was scholasticism, and the scholastic theory of direct knowledge is derived (aside from dependence upon Aristotle already referred to) from a fusion of Stoic theories with the philosophy of R0man jurisprudence. In the paiitheism of the Stoics the two ideas of nature and law were identified, and both meant the one vital, all-comprehensive, and orderly force expressing itself in both the world without and the mind within. The required transformation of this idea was made by Cicero, who is the real, as Aristotle is the putative, father of intuitionalisin. The practical development of the Roman people had made necessary an ethical conception of law which should effect two things: First, allow a qualitative reconstruction of earlier codes and practices to meet present needs: and, secondly, permit a quantitative extension of it to the tribes and peo les now brought under Roman 'urisdiction. Cicero foun the needed instrument in the aw of Nature. This law is objective--that is, existent in the very structure of the...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 952 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 48mm | 1,665g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236980123
  • 9781236980120