United in Diversity?

United in Diversity? : Comparing Social Models in Europe and America

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Description

Since the advent of the European Union, politicians have increasingly emphasized the notion of a European social model as an alternative to the American form of market capitalism, which is seen as promoting economic growth without regard for solidarity and social progress. As this political discourse has advanced, social scientists and academic policy analysts have raised questions concerning the extent to which the E.U. and U.S. social models exist outside the minds of diplomats and politicians seeking to stitch together a common identity. How much unity is there still within Europe after the Eastern enlargements have considerably increased economic and cultural diversity? To whatever extent one might discern a distinct set of commonalities that represent the core of a European approach, how different are the European characteristics of social, economic, and political life from those of America? Addressing these issues, this book systematically analyzes how much European countries and the United States have in common and how much variation we find within the enlarged European Union in eight central spheres of socio-economic and political life: employment, equality/mobility, educational opportunity, integration of immigrants, democratic functioning, political participation, rights to welfare, and levels of public spending. Drawing on empirical analyses by U.S. and European scholars who represent multi-disciplinary backgrounds, each of these topics is put under scrutiny. The results of this study illuminate points of convergence and divergence as seen from the perspectives of scholars from both sides of the Atlantic.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 464 pages
  • 154.94 x 236.22 x 33.02mm | 771.1g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • New.
  • numerous tables and figures
  • 0195376633
  • 9780195376630
  • 1,641,128

Review quote

[This book] can be read with profit by experts as well as those with a general interest in the subject. * The Journal of Public Policy *show more

About Jens Alber

Jens Alber is Professor of Sociology at the Free University of Berlin and Director of the Research Unit Inequality and Social Integration at the Social Science Center Berlin. Neil Gilbert is Chernin Professor of Social Welfare at the School of Social Welfare, University of California at Berkeley, faculty leader of the Center for Comparative Family Welfare and Poverty Research, and was the Founding Director of the Family Welfare Research Group.show more

Table of contents

INTRODUCTION; JENS ALBER AND NEIL GILBERT; PART I: STATE: STRUCTURE AND POLICY; SECTION I. DEMOCRATIC FUNCTIONING; SECTION II. POLITICAL INTEGRATION; SECTION III. PATTERNS OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURE; SECTION IV. CITIZENSHIP AND WELFARE; PART 2: SOCIETY: CONDITIONS AND OUTCOMES; SECTION V. THE GOAL OF FULL EMPLOYMENT; SECTION VI. INEQUALITY AND MOBILITY; SECTION VII. EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY; SECTION VIII. IMMIGRANT INTEGRATION; SECTION IX CONCLUSIONshow more