Two Centuries of Irish History 1691-1870; Being a Series of Papers

Two Centuries of Irish History 1691-1870; Being a Series of Papers

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 edition. Excerpt: ...rights of tenants, was a heavier tax than any other. The underground agrarian conspiracies, which, in default of equitable government when lawful association has been crushed, have been the Irish peasant's sole defence against starvation, became at the close of the war unusually active. The average price of wheat, which in 1812 had been 6, and in 1813 $ per quarter, fell in 1814 to 3, 12s., and 1 "Evidence before Select Committee of House of Commons on State of Ireland, 1825," pp. 807-838. R remained at that lower level for the two following years.1 The price of bread might seem of small moment to the peasants, the majority of whom could never afford to eat it. But when corn paid the rent, the fall in price brought ruin. To keep up rents, arable land was converted into pasture, and the cottier tenants were evicted wholesale. At this time, moreover, the thirty-year leases granted during the years that followed the relaxation of the penal laws in 1778 were falling in. Few were the landlords who, like Lord Fitzwilliam, recognised any preferential claim of their tenants to renewal. The majority put their land to auction, and leased it to the highest bidder. The new leaseholders extorted the last penny from the cottier, and then got rid of him, to find another, if they could, to take his place. If the terror inspired by the Caravats and the Carders hindered " strangers " from bidding for vacant farms, and thus offered the sole available defence against ruinous competition, what wonder if the homeless peasant joined their ranks? The time when statesmen were to acknowledge that tenants had rights was half a century distant. From 1812 to 1818 Peel was Irish secretary. He had entered Parliament three years before, as...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 198 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 11mm | 363g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236586522
  • 9781236586520