Twilight of the Idols

Twilight of the Idols : How to Philosophize with a Hammer

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Twilight of the Idols

Friedrich Nietzsche

d104 prepared from the original German and the translations by Walter Kaufmann and R.J. Hollingdale

Twilight of the Idols, or, How to Philosophize with a Hammer (German: GOtzen-DAmmerung, oder, Wie man mit dem Hammer philosophirt) is a book by Friedrich Nietzsche, written in 1888, and published in 1889.

Twilight of the Idols was written in just over a week, between 26 August and 3 September 1888, while Nietzsche was on holiday in Sils-Maria. As Nietzsche's fame and popularity was spreading both inside and outside Germany, he felt that he needed a text that would serve as a short introduction to his work. Originally titled A Psychologist's Idleness, it was renamed Twilight of the Idols or How to Philosophize with a Hammer.

The latter title, GOtzen-DAmmerung in German, is a pun on the title of Richard Wagner's opera, GOtterdAmmerung, or 'Twilight of the Gods'. GOtze is a German word for "idol" or "false god." Walter Kaufmann has suggested that in his use of the word Nietzsche might be indebted to Francis Bacon.

Nietzsche criticizes German culture of the day as unsophisticated and nihilistic, and shoots some disapproving arrows at key French, British, and Italian cultural figures who represent similar tendencies. In contrast to all these alleged representatives of cultural "decadence," Nietzsche applauds Caesar, Napoleon, Goethe, Thucydides and the Sophists as healthier and stronger types. The book states the transvaluation of all values as Nietzsche's final and most important project, and gives a view of antiquity wherein the Romans for once take precedence over the ancient Greeks.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 93 pages
  • 177.8 x 254 x 5.59mm | 240.4g
  • Createspace
  • English
  • Translation
  • Illustrations, black and white
  • 1507811497
  • 9781507811498
  • 1,310,901

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4,882 ratings
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