Twenty-sixth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals

Twenty-sixth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals

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In Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: The Twenty-Sixth Symposium, leading US and international researchers from academia, industry, and government present state-of-the-art research on how biotechnology is being used to produce high-volume, low-price products from renewable resources, as well as to improve the environment. In addition to the sessions on the conversion of lignocellulose into sugars and the conversion of sugars into products and fuels, this symposium focused on a review of the concept of the biorefinery-the integrated production of multiple products and energy at one site. Session topics included advanced feedstock production and processing, enzyme and microbial biocatalysts, bioprocess research and development, opportunities in biorefineries, and commercialization of biobased products. There was also a session on improving the rate, concentration, and efficiency of biological hydrogen production, and on designing processes to accomplish this. There was a general recognition among the participants of the need to move beyond corn sugar as the primary feedstock into lignocellulosics. Cutting-edge and authoritative, Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: The Twenty-Sixth Symposium provides an excellent overview of current research and development in the production of commodity fuels and chemicals via biological transformation.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 1166 pages
  • 162.6 x 241.3 x 20.3mm | 521.64g
  • Humana Press Inc.
  • Totowa, NJ, United States
  • English
  • 2005 ed.
  • biography
  • 1588296970
  • 9781588296979

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In Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: The Twenty-Sixth Symposium, leading US and international researchers from academia, industry, and government present state-of-the-art research on how biotechnology is being used to produce high-volume, low-price products from renewable resources, as well as to improve the environment. In addition to the sessions on the conversion of lignocellulose into sugars and the conversion of sugars into products and fuels, this symposium focused on a review of the concept of the biorefinery-the integrated production of multiple products and energy at one site. Session topics included advanced feedstock production and processing, enzyme and microbial biocatalysts, bioprocess research and development, opportunities in biorefineries, and commercialization of biobased products. There was also a session on improving the rate, concentration, and efficiency of biological hydrogen production, and on designing processes to accomplish this. There was a general recognition among the participants of the need to move beyond corn sugar as the primary feedstock into lignocellulosics. Cutting-edge and authoritative, Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: The Twenty-Sixth Symposium provides an excellent overview of current research and development in the production of commodity fuels and chemicals via biological transformation.show more

Table of contents

Feedstock Supply, Logistics, Processing, And Composition.- Session 1A Feedstock Supply, Logistics, Processing, and Composition.- Biomechanics of Wheat/Barley Straw and Corn Stover.- Effect of Additions on Ensiling and Microbial Community of Senesced Wheat Straw.- Large-Scale Ethanol Fermentation Through Pipeline Delivery of Biomass.- Perspectives on Bioenergy and Biotechnology in Brazil.- Structural Analysis of Wheat Stems.- Enzyme Catalysis and Engineering.- Session 1B Enzyme Catalysis and Engineering.- Activity and Lifetime of Urease Immobilized Using Layer-by-Layer Nano Self-Assembly on Silicon Microchannels.- Production of Cellulase/?-Glucosidase by the Mixed Fungi Culture of Trichoderma reesei and Aspergillus phoenicis on Dairy Manure.- Lipase Production by Solid-State Fermentation.- Hydrolysis of New Phthalimide-Derived Esters Catalyzed by Immobilized Lipase.- Catalytically Enhanced Endocellulase CeI5A from Acidothermus cellulolyticus.- Oxidation of Glucose to Gluconic Acid by Glucose Oxidase in a Membrane Bioreactor.- Weak Lignin-Binding Enzymes.- Sugarcane Bagasse Pulps.- Partial Purification and Characterization of Protease Enzyme from Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus.- Enzymatic Bleaching of Organosolv Sugarcane Bagasse Pulps with Recombinant Xylanase of the Fungus Humicola grisea and with Commercial Cartazyme HS Xylanase.- Intracellular Fate of Hydrocarbons.- Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Steam-Exploded and Ethanol Organosolv-Pretreated Douglas-Fir by Novel and Commercial Fungal Cellulases.- Kinetics of Enzyme-Catalyzed Alcoholysis of Soybean Oil in n-Hexane.- ?-Glucosidase Production by Trichoderma reesei.- Wood Cellulignin as an Alternative Matrix for Enzyme Immobilization.- Utilization of Methyloleate in Production of Microbial Lipase.- Detection of NAD+-Dependent Alcohol Dehydrogenase Activities in YR-1 Strain of Mucor circinelloides, a Potential Bioremediator of Petroleum Contaminated Soils.- Synthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) from Excess Activated Sludge Under Various Oxidation-Reduction Potentials (ORP) by Using Acetate and Propionate as Carbon Sources.- Enzyme Pretreatment of Grass Lignocellulose for Potential High-Value Co-products and an Improved Fermentable Substrate.- High-Yield Bacillus subtilis Protease Production by Solid-State Fermentation.- Profile of Enzyme Production by Trichoderma reesei Grown on Corn Fiber Fractions.- Partial Purification and Characterization of Protease Enzyme from Bacillus subtilis megatherium.- Effect of Media Composition and Growth Conditions on Production of ?-Glucosidase by Aspergillus niger C-6.- A Sequential Enzymatic Microreactor System for Ethanol Detection of Gasohol Mixtures.- Microbial Catalysis and Metabolic Engineering.- Session 2 Microbial Catalysis and Metabolic Engineering.- Bioabatement to Remove Inhibitors from Biomass-Derived Sugar Hydrolysates.- Cloning, Expression, Purification, and Analysis of Mannitol Dehydrogenase Gene mtlK from Lactobacillus brevis.- Continuous Hydrogen Photoproduction by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.- Effects of Aliphatic Acids, Furfural and Phenolic Compounds on Debaryomyces hansenii CCMI 941.- Evaluation of Inoculum of Candida guilliermondii Grown in Presence of Glucose on Xylose Reductase and Xylitol Dehydrogenase Activities and Xylitol Production During Batch Fermentation of Sugarcane Bagasse Hydrolysate.- Effect of Surface Attachment on Synthesis of Bacterial Cellulose.- Enhanced Biotransformation of Furfural and Hydroxymethylfurfural by Newly Developed Ethanologenic Yeast Strains.- Bioprocessing - Including Separations.- Session 3 Bioprocessing - Including Separations.- Surfactin Production from Potato Process Effluent by Bacillus subtilis in a Chemostat.- Effects of Nutrient Supplements on Simultaneous Fermentation of Nisin and Lactic Acid from Cull Potatoes.- Effect of Reduction in Yeast and Enzyme Concentrations in a Simultaneous-Saccharification-and-Fermentation-Based Bioethanol Process.- Stability of Recombinant Green Fluorescent Protein (GFPuv) in Glucose Solutions at Different Concentrations and pH Values.- Lactic Acid Production from Cheese Whey by Immobilized Bacteria.- Enhancing Cellulase Foam Fractionation with Addition of Surfactant.- Optimization of Alkaline Transesterification of Soybean Oil and Castor Oil for Biodiesel Production.- Cellulase Production by Trichoderma reesei Using Sawdust Hydrolysate.- Effects of Fatty Acids on Growth and Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate Production in Bacteria.- Performance of an Internal-Loop Airlift Bioreactor for Treatment of Hexane-Contaminated Air.- Increase in Removal of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons During Bioremediation of Crude Oil-Contaminated Sandy Soil.- Recovery of Organic Acids from Fermentation Broths.- Production of Nisin by Lactococcus lactis in Media with Skimmed Milk.- Enhancing Design of Immobilized Enzymatic Microbioreactors Using Computational Simulation.- Estimation of Bioreactor Efficiency Through Structured Hydrodynamic Modeling Case Study of a Pichia pastoris Fed-Batch Process.- Sugarcane Bagasse as Raw Material and Immobilization Support for Xylitol Production.- Removing Proteins from an Aerated Yeast Fermentation by Pulsing Carbon Dioxide.- Ceriporiopsis subvermispota Used in Delignification of Sugarcane Bagasse Prior to Soda/Anthraquinone Pulping.- The Two-Phase Water/Silicon Oil Bioreactor Prospects in Off-Gas Treatment.- Leaf Protein from Ammonia-Treated Dwarf Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum cv. Mott).- Microbial Synthesis and Characterization of Physiochemical Properties of Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) Produced by Bacteria Isolated from Activated Sludge Obtained from the Municipal Wastewater Works in Hong Kong.- Optimization of Acid Hydrolysis of Sugarcane Bagasse and Investigations on its Fermentability for the Production of Xylitol by Candida guilliermondii.- Production of Hyaluronic Acid by Streptococcus.- More than Technology-Feedstock Supply, Logistics, Processing, And Composition.- Session 1A Feedstock Supply, Logistics, Processing, and Composition.- Biomechanics of Wheat/Barley Straw and Corn Stover.- Effect of Additions on Ensiling and Microbial Community of Senesced Wheat Straw.- Large-Scale Ethanol Fermentation Through Pipeline Delivery of Biomass.- Perspectives on Bioenergy and Biotechnology in Brazil.- Structural Analysis of Wheat Stems.- Enzyme Catalysis and Engineering.- Session 1B Enzyme Catalysis and Engineering.- Activity and Lifetime of Urease Immobilized Using Layer-by-Layer Nano Self-Assembly on Silicon Microchannels.- Production of Cellulase/?-Glucosidase by the Mixed Fungi Culture of Trichoderma reesei and Aspergillus phoenicis on Dairy Manure.- Lipase Production by Solid-State Fermentation.- Hydrolysis of New Phthalimide-Derived Esters Catalyzed by Immobilized Lipase.- Catalytically Enhanced Endocellulase CeI5A from Acidothermus cellulolyticus.- Oxidation of Glucose to Gluconic Acid by Glucose Oxidase in a Membrane Bioreactor.- Weak Lignin-Binding Enzymes.- Sugarcane Bagasse Pulps.- Partial Purification and Characterization of Protease Enzyme from Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus.- Enzymatic Bleaching of Organosolv Sugarcane Bagasse Pulps with Recombinant Xylanase of the Fungus Humicola grisea and with Commercial Cartazyme HS Xylanase.- Intracellular Fate of Hydrocarbons.- Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Steam-Exploded and Ethanol Organosolv-Pretreated Douglas-Fir by Novel and Commercial Fungal Cellulases.- Kinetics of Enzyme-Catalyzed Alcoholysis of Soybean Oil in n-Hexane.- ?-Glucosidase Production by Trichoderma reesei.- Wood Cellulignin as an Alternative Matrix for Enzyme Immobilization.- Utilization of Methyloleate in Production of Microbial Lipase.- Detection of NAD+-Dependent Alcohol Dehydrogenase Activities in YR-1 Strain of Mucor circinelloides, a Potential Bioremediator of Petroleum Contaminated Soils.- Synthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) from Excess Activated Sludge Under Various Oxidation-Reduction Potentials (ORP) by Using Acetate and Propionate as Carbon Sources.- Enzyme Pretreatment of Grass Lignocellulose for Potential High-Value Co-products and an Improved Fermentable Substrate.- High-Yield Bacillus subtilis Protease Production by Solid-State Fermentation.- Profile of Enzyme Production by Trichoderma reesei Grown on Corn Fiber Fractions.- Partial Purification and Characterization of Protease Enzyme from Bacillus subtilis megatherium.- Effect of Media Composition and Growth Conditions on Production of ?-Glucosidase by Aspergillus niger C-6.- A Sequential Enzymatic Microreactor System for Ethanol Detection of Gasohol Mixtures.- Microbial Catalysis and Metabolic Engineering.- Session 2 Microbial Catalysis and Metabolic Engineering.- Bioabatement to Remove Inhibitors from Biomass-Derived Sugar Hydrolysates.- Cloning, Expression, Purification, and Analysis of Mannitol Dehydrogenase Gene mtlK from Lactobacillus brevis.- Continuous Hydrogen Photoproduction by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.- Effects of Aliphatic Acids, Furfural and Phenolic Compounds on Debaryomyces hansenii CCMI 941.- Evaluation of Inoculum of Candida guilliermondii Grown in Presence of Glucose on Xylose Reductase and Xylitol Dehydrogenase Activities and Xylitol Production During Batch Fermentation of Sugarcane Bagasse Hydrolysate.- Effect of Surface Attachment on Synthesis of Bacterial Cellulose.- Enhanced Biotransformation of Furfural and Hydroxymethylfurfural by Newly Developed Ethanologenic Yeast Strains.- Bioprocessing - Including Separations.- Session 3 Bioprocessing - Including Separations.- Surfactin Production from Potato Process Effluent by Bacillus subtilis in a Chemostat.- Effects of Nutrient Supplements on Simultaneous Fermentation of Nisin and Lactic Acid from Cull Potatoes.- Effect of Reduction in Yeast and Enzyme Concentrations in a Simultaneous-Saccharification-and-Fermentation-Based Bioethanol Process.- Stability of Recombinant Green Fluorescent Protein (GFPuv) in Glucose Solutions at Different Concentrations and pH Values.- Lactic Acid Production from Cheese Whey by Immobilized Bacteria.- Enhancing Cellulase Foam Fractionation with Addition of Surfactant.- Optimization of Alkaline Transesterification of Soybean Oil and Castor Oil for Biodiesel Production.- Cellulase Production by Trichoderma reesei Using Sawdust Hydrolysate.- Effects of Fatty Acids on Growth and Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate Production in Bacteria.- Performance of an Internal-Loop Airlift Bioreactor for Treatment of Hexane-Contaminated Air.- Increase in Removal of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons During Bioremediation of Crude Oil-Contaminated Sandy Soil.- Recovery of Organic Acids from Fermentation Broths.- Production of Nisin by Lactococcus lactis in Media with Skimmed Milk.- Enhancing Design of Immobilized Enzymatic Microbioreactors Using Computational Simulation.- Estimation of Bioreactor Efficiency Through Structured Hydrodynamic Modeling Case Study of a Pichia pastoris Fed-Batch Process.- Sugarcane Bagasse as Raw Material and Immobilization Support for Xylitol Production.- Removing Proteins from an Aerated Yeast Fermentation by Pulsing Carbon Dioxide.- Ceriporiopsis subvermispota Used in Delignification of Sugarcane Bagasse Prior to Soda/Anthraquinone Pulping.- The Two-Phase Water/Silicon Oil Bioreactor Prospects in Off-Gas Treatment.- Leaf Protein from Ammonia-Treated Dwarf Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum cv. Mott).- Microbial Synthesis and Characterization of Physiochemical Properties of Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) Produced by Bacteria Isolated from Activated Sludge Obtained from the Municipal Wastewater Works in Hong Kong.- Optimization of Acid Hydrolysis of Sugarcane Bagasse and Investigations on its Fermentability for the Production of Xylitol by Candida guilliermondii.- Production of Hyaluronic Acid by Streptococcus.- More than Technology-Feedstock Supply, Logistics, Processing, And Composition.- Session 1A Feedstock Supply, Logistics, Processing, and Composition.- Biomechanics of Wheat/Barley Straw and Corn Stover.- Effect of Additions on Ensiling and Microbial Community of Senesced Wheat Straw.- Large-Scale Ethanol Fermentation Through Pipeline Delivery of Biomass.- Perspectives on Bioenergy and Biotechnology in Brazil.- Structural Analysis of Wheat Stems.- Enzyme Catalysis and Engineering.- Session 1B Enzyme Catalysis and Engineering.- Activity and Lifetime of Urease Immobilized Using Layer-by-Layer Nano Self-Assembly on Silicon Microchannels.- Production of Cellulase/?-Glucosidase by the Mixed Fungi Culture of Trichoderma reesei and Aspergillus phoenicis on Dairy Manure.- Lipase Production by Solid-State Fermentation.- Hydrolysis of New Phthalimide-Derived Esters Catalyzed by Immobilized Lipase.- Catalytically Enhanced Endocellulase CeI5A from Acidothermus cellulolyticus.- Oxidation of Glucose to Gluconic Acid by Glucose Oxidase in a Membrane Bioreactor.- Weak Lignin-Binding Enzymes.- Sugarcane Bagasse Pulps.- Partial Purification and Characterization of Protease Enzyme from Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus.- Enzymatic Bleaching of Organosolv Sugarcane Bagasse Pulps with Recombinant Xylanase of the Fungus Humicola grisea and with Commercial Cartazyme HS Xylanase.- Intracellular Fate of Hydrocarbons.- Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Steam-Exploded and Ethanol Organosolv-Pretreated Douglas-Fir by Novel and Commercial Fungal Cellulases.- Kinetics of Enzyme-Catalyzed Alcoholysis of Soybean Oil in n-Hexane.- ?-Glucosidase Production by Trichoderma reesei.- Wood Cellulignin as an Alternative Matrix for Enzyme Immobilization.- Utilization of Methyloleate in Production of Microbial Lipase.- Detection of NAD+-Dependent Alcohol Dehydrogenase Activities in YR-1 Strain of Mucor circinelloides, a Potential Bioremediator of Petroleum Contaminated Soils.- Synthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) from Excess Activated Sludge Under Various Oxidation-Reduction Potentials (ORP) by Using Acetate and Propionate as Carbon Sources.- Enzyme Pretreatment of Grass Lignocellulose for Potential High-Value Co-products and an Improved Fermentable Substrate.- High-Yield Bacillus subtilis Protease Production by Solid-State Fermentation.- Profile of Enzyme Production by Trichoderma reesei Grown on Corn Fiber Fractions.- Partial Purification and Characterization of Protease Enzyme from Bacillus subtilis megatherium.- Effect of Media Composition and Growth Conditions on Production of ?-Glucosidase by Aspergillus niger C-6.- A Sequential Enzymatic Microreactor System for Ethanol Detection of Gasohol Mixtures.- Microbial Catalysis and Metabolic Engineering.- Session 2 Microbial Catalysis and Metabolic Engineering.- Bioabatement to Remove Inhibitors from Biomass-Derived Sugar Hydrolysates.- Cloning, Expression, Purification, and Analysis of Mannitol Dehydrogenase Gene mtlK from Lactobacillus brevis.- Continuous Hydrogen Photoproduction by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.- Effects of Aliphatic Acids, Furfural and Phenolic Compounds on Debaryomyces hansenii CCMI 941.- Evaluation of Inoculum of Candida guilliermondii Grown in Presence of Glucose on Xylose Reductase and Xylitol Dehydrogenase Activities and Xylitol Production During Batch Fermentation of Sugarcane Bagasse Hydrolysate.- Effect of Surface Attachment on Synthesis of Bacterial Cellulose.- Enhanced Biotransformation of Furfural and Hydroxymethylfurfural by Newly Developed Ethanologenic Yeast Strains.- Bioprocessing - Including Separations.- Session 3 Bioprocessing - Including Separations.- Surfactin Production from Potato Process Effluent by Bacillus subtilis in a Chemostat.- Effects of Nutrient Supplements on Simultaneous Fermentation of Nisin and Lactic Acid from Cull Potatoes.- Effect of Reduction in Yeast and Enzyme Concentrations in a Simultaneous-Saccharification-and-Fermentation-Based Bioethanol Process.- Stability of Recombinant Green Fluorescent Protein (GFPuv) in Glucose Solutions at Different Concentrations and pH Values.- Lactic Acid Production from Cheese Whey by Immobilized Bacteria.- Enhancing Cellulase Foam Fractionation with Addition of Surfactant.- Optimization of Alkaline Transesterification of Soybean Oil and Castor Oil for Biodiesel Production.- Cellulase Production by Trichoderma reesei Using Sawdust Hydrolysate.- Effects of Fatty Acids on Growth and Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate Production in Bacteria.- Performance of an Internal-Loop Airlift Bioreactor for Treatment of Hexane-Contaminated Air.- Increase in Removal of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons During Bioremediation of Crude Oil-Contaminated Sandy Soil.- Recovery of Organic Acids from Fermentation Broths.- Production of Nisin by Lactococcus lactis in Media with Skimmed Milk.- Enhancing Design of Immobilized Enzymatic Microbioreactors Using Computational Simulation.- Estimation of Bioreactor Efficiency Through Structured Hydrodynamic Modeling Case Study of a Pichia pastoris Fed-Batch Process.- Sugarcane Bagasse as Raw Material and Immobilization Support for Xylitol Production.- Removing Proteins from an Aerated Yeast Fermentation by Pulsing Carbon Dioxide.- Ceriporiopsis subvermispota Used in Delignification of Sugarcane Bagasse Prior to Soda/Anthraquinone Pulping.- The Two-Phase Water/Silicon Oil Bioreactor Prospects in Off-Gas Treatment.- Leaf Protein from Ammonia-Treated Dwarf Elephant Grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum cv. Mott).- Microbial Synthesis and Characterization of Physiochemical Properties of Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) Produced by Bacteria Isolated from Activated Sludge Obtained from the Municipal Wastewater Works in Hong Kong.- Optimization of Acid Hydrolysis of Sugarcane Bagasse and Investigations on its Fermentability for the Production of Xylitol by Candida guilliermondii.- Production of Hyaluronic Acid by Streptococcus.- More than Technology-Finance and Policy to Create the Blorefinery.- Assessing the Emerging Biorefinery Sector in Canada.- Biobased Industrial Chemicals.- Session 5 Biobased Industrial Chemicals.- A Glycoside Flavonoid in Kudzu (Pueraria lobata).- Characterization of Low Molecular Weight Organic Acids from Beech Wood Treated in Supercritical Water.- Current Status of Biodiesel Development in Brazil.- Integrated Processes for Use of Pulps and Lignins Obtained from Sugarcane Bagasse and Straw.- Simultaneous Biocatalyst Production and Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation for Bioconversion of Cyclohexanone by Recombinant Escherichia coli Expressing Cyclohexanone Monooxygenase.- Biotransformation of (?)?-Pinene by Aspergillus niger ATCC 9642.- Characterization of Sol-Gel Bioencapsulates for Ester Hydrolysis and Synthesis.- Culture Medium Optimization for Acetic Acid Production by a Persimmon Vinegar-Derived Bacterium.- The Lignol Approach to Biorefining of Woody Biomass to Produce Ethanol and Chemicals.- Biomass Pretreatmen and Hydrolysis.- Session A6 Biomass Pretreatment and Hydrolysis.- Application of Fenton's Reaction to Steam Explosion Prehydrolysates from Poplar Biomass.- Enzyme Recovery and Recycling Following Hydrolysis of Ammonia Fiber Explosion-Treated Corn Stover.- Ammonium Hydroxide Detoxification of Spruce Acid Hydrolysates.- Detoxification of Actual Pretreated Corn Stover Hydrolysate Using Activated Carbon Powder.- Use of Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations for Design of a Pretreatment Screw Conveyor Reactor.- Enzymatic Saccharification and Fermentation of Xylose-Optimized Dilute Acid-Treated Lignocellulosics.- Fermentability of Water-Soluble Portion to Ethanol Obtained by Supercritical Water Treatment of Lignocellulosics.- Application of Sequential Aqueous Steam Treatments to the Fractionation of Softwood.- Acidic Sugar Degradation Pathways.- Studies into Using Manure in a Biorefinery Concept.- Effects of Hemicellulose and Lignin on Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Cellulose from Dairy Manure.- Critical Conditions for Improved Fermentability During Overliming of Acid Hydrolysates from Spruce.- Optimization of Dilute-Acid Pretreatment of Corn Stover Using a High-Solids Percolation Reactor.- Optimization of Steam Pretreatment of SO2-Impregnated Corn Stover for Fuel Ethanol Production.- Strategies to Enhance the Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Pretreated Softwood with High Residual Lignin Content.- Understanding Factors that Limit Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Biomass.- Steam Pretreatment of Salix with and without SO2 Impregnation for Production of Bioethanol.- Pretreatment of Corn Stover by Soaking in Aqueous Ammonia.- Pretreatment of Switchgrass by Ammonia Fiber Explosion (AFEX).- Plant Biotechnology and Feedstock Genomics.- Session 6B Plant Biotechnology and Feedstock Genomics.- Production of Antioxidant Compounds by Culture of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer Hairy Roots.show more