Tu sais, mon vieux Jean-Pierre
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Tu sais, mon vieux Jean-Pierre : Essays on the Archaeology and History of New France and Canadian Culture in Honour of Jean-Pierre Chrestien

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Tu sais, mon vieux Jean-Pierre is inspired by the work of archaeologist Jean-Pierre Chrestien (1949-2007), who worked hand-in-glove with a generation of researchers in helping to unearth unexpected and always interesting aspects of New France. Contributions focus first upon the door to New France in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Newfoundland and Acadia. A second set of essays move further up the St. Lawrence and into the heartland of the continent. The final section examines aspects of Canadian culture: popular art, religion and communication. The essays share a curiosity for material culture, a careful regard for detail and nuance that forms the grain of New France studies, and sensitivity to the overall context that is part and parcel of how history proceeds on the local or regional scale. Happily we can now dispense with old-fashioned and facile generalizations about the allegedly absent bourgeoisie, the purportedly deficient commercial ethic of the habitants and the so-called underlying military character of the colony and get down the business of understanding real people and their possessions in context.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 408 pages
  • 171 x 241 x 15.24mm | 782g
  • Ottawa, Canada
  • English, French
  • 12 Tables, black and white; 73 Illustrations, color; 38 Illustrations, black and white
  • 0776624571
  • 9780776624570

Table of contents

Abstract


Resume


Acknowledgements


Introduction


John Willis


References





Part I





Introduction


Prehistoric Fish


Karen Ryan





Chapitre 1


Les Francais dans les
eaux nord-americaines au xvie siecle : un retour legitime sur le contexte de
l'epoque


Bernard Allaire


Introduction


Les Francais a
Terre-Neuve au debut du xvie siecle


La volonte royale


Les facteurs de
l'augmentation de la presence francaise


Les domaines
d'exploitation lucratifs : morues, baleines et pelleteries


Conclusion et
perspectives futures


La recherche
transnationale


Ouvrages cites





Chapter 2


Fisher Men at Work: The Material Culture of
the Champ Paya


Fishing Room as a Gendered Site


Peter E Pope


Introduction


Excavations at Champ Paya


Seasonal Fishing Rooms as Gendered Sites


The Material Expression of Gender


Far from Home


References





Chapter 3


Life in a French Atlantic Fishing Village:
A Look at the Outports


of Ile Royale 1713-1758


Anne Marie Lane Jonah, with Rebecca Dunham


Introduction


The North Atlantic Fishery


Leaving Newfoundland


Settling Ile Royale


Settling the Outports


Habitants-pecheurs and Fishermen


A Transatlantic Community/Cross-Cultural
Encounters


The Impact of War


Beneath the Surface


References





Chapter 4


Bread Ovens and Baking in
Nineteenth-Century Breton


Fishing Stations of Newfoundland


Genevieve Godbout


North Atlantic Fisheries


The Champ Paya Bread Oven


Bread and Baking in Modern Brittany


Complexity and Reciprocity


Acknowledgements


References





Chapter 5


The Atlantic Travels of Henri Brunet, a
Migrant Merchant


in Seventeenth-Century French Newfoundland


Amanda Crompton


Fishing and Trading in Early Modern French
Newfoundland


Brunet's Papers


Brunet's Business Associates


Traveller, Merchant, Mariner


People and Places in Newfoundland


Conclusion


Acknowledgements


References





Part II


Introduction:


Tobacco Teeth


Janet Young





Chapter 6


Smoking Pipes as Signifiers of French
Creole Identity


Gregory A Waselkov


Introduction


The Creation of French North American
Identities


Mi'kmaq-Style Smoking Pipes as Identity
Signifiers


Southern Distribution of Mi'kmaq-Style
Smoking Pipes


Louisiane


Le Pays des Illinois


Reconsidering Mi'kmaq-Style Pipes


Acknowledgements


References





Chapitre 7


Les " batteaux plats "
de Nouvelle-France


Charles Dagneau


Introduction


La construction des
batteaux plats


Une production
continue et standardisee


L'utilisation des
batteaux plats


Une embarcation
adaptee a son environnement


Les batteaux du roi :
une realite coloniale nord-americaine


Conclusion


Ouvrages cites





Chapter 8


If These Pots Could Talk: French Stoneware
in Eastern Canada,


circa 1540-1760


Melanie J Gervais


Introduction


Methodology


Characterization of French Stoneware


Technical Aspects, Forms, and Functions


French Production Regions


The Distribution of French Stoneware in
Quebec


Provenance Regions in France


French Stoneware Outside Quebec


Contexts of Use of French Stoneware


Fisheries


Transatlantic and Colonial Trade


Settlement and Religious Institutions


Conclusion


Acknowledgements


References





Chapitre 9


Habitants, autorites
et delits en Nouvelle-France :


les Montrealais et la
traite des fourrures


Leon Robichaud


Introduction


Definir la norme
locale, 1642-1668


L'ingerence des
gouverneurs, 1668-1685


Les defis de la
repression, 1685-1703


Conclusion


Ouvrages cites





Chapter 10


Glimpses from Both Sides of the Palisade:
Historic Archaeology


at Fort Churchill or New Severn Post
(GlIw-1)


Jean-Luc Pilon


Introduction


Locating Fort Churchill or New Severn Post
(GlIw-1)


GlIw-1-History


Ancient History


A) A continuously changing landscape


B) An ancient human presence


C) Washahoe Inninou: the people of the
Severn River


Recent History


A) Initial European references to the
Severn River


B) The Short Life of Fort Churchill or New
Severn Post


C) Archaeological investigations at GlIw-1;
Fort Churchill


or New Severn Post rises from the ashes


The Archaeology inside the
Palisade--GlIw-1, Feature A


Excavation Areas and Collection Context


The Collection


A) Clasp knife


B) Rings


C) Coarse earthenware


D) Faunal remains


Discussion


The Archaeology outside the
Palisade--Feature B


Feature B, Western Area


A) Stratigraphy and artifact distribution
(see table 101, fig 1012)


B) A European feature


C) Artifacts--Level IV, all categories


Feature B--Eastern Area


A) Stratigraphy and artifact distribution
(table 102, fig 1019)


Discussion


From Both Sides of the Palisade


Practical Considerations


Complicating Factors


Comparisons


A) Kaolin pipes


B) Glass beads


C) Firearms and ammunition


D) Tinkling cones


E) Re-purposed metal knife


F) Glass bottles


G) Items of Indigenous manufacture inside
the palisade


Discussion


Some Considerations


Final Thoughts


Acknowledgements References






Part III


Introduction


Petit a petit, une
faience revele ses secrets


Jean-Francois Lozier





Chapitre 11


Phases de developpement
de l'art populaire quebecois


Jean-Francois
Blanchette


Preambule


Introduction


L'art populaire ancre
dans la tradition


L'art populaire au
gout de l'" autre "


L'art populaire
indiscipline


Mimetisme de l'art
populaire


L'art populaire
impopulaire : le graffiti


Conclusion


Ouvrages cites





Chapitre 12


Une typologie des
croix de chemin dans le comte de Megantic


Vanessa Oliver-Lloyd


Le phenomene des croix
de chemin au Quebec


Identification du
corpus et methodologie


Corpus


Methodologie


Typologie des croix de
chemin du comte de Megantic


Materiau de
construction


Decoration des pieces
constitutives et des extremites


Decoration du centre
de la croix


Decorations fixees sur
la traverse


Decorations fixees sur
le pal


La croix de chemin
comme manifestation de la culture populaire


Les types de croix
selon le motif d'erection


Les croix de chemin du
comte de Megantic


1 La croix votive


2 La croix
talismanique


3 La croix
commemorative


4 Motifs " autres "


Conclusion


Ouvrages cites





Chapter 13


Layers of Talk and Time: Reconsidering
Canadian Communication


from New France to 1914


John Willis


Introduction


New France


Lower Canada: Communication in the
Nineteenth Century


British North America: Overt and Covert
Mail


The Border


The West


The Old West


Take-Over of the Old West


The New West: A New Layer of Civilization


Edmonton: Instant City


Conclusion


References







Contributors


Index to English Chapters


Index des chapitres francais
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About John Willis

John Willis is Curator of Economic History at the Canadian Museum of History. A graduate of Universite Laval, with a doctorate in historical geography, Dr. Willis has worked on the history of labour relations, the mail-order catalogue, postal communication, migration and industrialization. His current work focuses on the history of the Canadian-American border. He is editor of the Mercury Series and an adjunct research professor of History at Carleton University.
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