The True Science of Music

The True Science of Music : Being a New Exposition of the Laws of Melody and Harmony

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Description

The physics of music has fascinated scholars and scientists since ancient times, from Pythagoras' concept of celestial harmony, to the work of Galileo, Mersenne, Euler and Ohm, culminating in the nineteenth century in Helmholtz's definitive work, On the Sensations of Tone. Daniel Chandler Hewitt (1789-1869) was a piano maker who also devised improvements to the seraphine (a form of reed organ). This idiosyncratic work, first published in 1864, only a year after Helmholtz's German text (also reissued in this series in the 1875 English translation), discusses the mathematics of musical intervals according to Hewitt's 'Triune', or three-fold, system of calculation using his Musical Ratiometer (included at the end of the volume). Musical examples, gathered at the end of the work, illustrate his arguments and include a close analysis of the intervals and chord structures of the Moonlight and the Appassionata piano sonatas by Beethoven.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 39 b/w illus.
  • 113910554X
  • 9781139105545

Table of contents

Preface; Definition of terms; Introduction; 1. Sound - notion - vibration - interval; 2. Means by which intervals may be obtained and their effects produced, in agreement with their true ratios; 3. Description of a series of experiments, and of the phenomena resulting therefrom; 4. The unit sound, commonly called the grave harmonic, or generated third sound; 5. Systems of sounds; 6. On the analysis of chords per-se; 7. Of the triune system in respect to chords - that is, harmonic combinations, whence proceed the first, second, and third mode; 8. Of the method of finding the ratio of single notes and chords, which appertain to different triune systems - and which, nevertheless, are the same upon keyed instruments, and frequently, though not always, the same in respect to their notation; 9. Of the second period of the development of the triune system, whence proceed the harmonics denominated fixed chromatics, and the combinations thence derived; 10. Nature - art; 11. Explanation of various matters preparatory to the introduction of the musical ratiometer; 12. The musical ratiometer, and its connexion with the triune system; 13. Analysis of musical phrases and passages extracted from the works of the most celebrated composers, in verification of the triune system, as being the exemplar of what is true and natural in music; 14. Of the third period of the development of the triune system, whence proceed the harmonics denominated serial chromatics, and the combinations thence derived; 15. Of the great system, or system of systems; 16. Of harmonic, basal, and tonic transitions; 17. Classification and explanation of principal and subordinate basal transitions; 18. Rules relating to melody, harmony, and composition; 19. On position. Why the triune system is referred to its central and not to its sub-basis. And on compound vibrations; 20. Accent; 21. Imitation, fugue, canon; 22. Further remarks upon analysis and composition; 23. Analysed examples, with strictures; 24. Further remarks upon the chord of the diminished or extreme flat 7th. Very low and very high sounds. The number of vibrations in a second, according to the equal temperament. Change of key. A suppositious system of 5 bases. An ideal law of progression; 25. New tables of logarithms, and their adaptation to musical purposes. Scale of 53 sounds in the octave. Conclusion; Music examples; Figures and diagrams; The musical ratiometer.show more