Excerpt from The Tribune Almanac and Political Register for 1857
Some of these Indians are semi-civilized, having farms, and living much in the fashion of the poorer class of western settlers. Their reserves had been assigned to them for perma nent habitations. It was on that ground that they had been persuaded to remove thither.
But the Oregon and Galifornia emigration, passing directly through their territory, had made its value known, and the tide of western emigration having reached their border, already this fine country was looked at with greedy eyes, while the' necessity of a communication with California and Oregon, and-of a settled country along the road, afforded a plausible excuse for a Speedy occupation.
The slaveholders, who had surreptitiously obtained possession of the Platte Purchase, in spite of the Missouri prohibition, looked eagerly to this adjoining district, determined to make that also their own. They had in Senator At chison a zealous and active partisan. Douglas, as Chairman of the Senatorial Committee on Territories, in hopes of securing slave-holding favor, readily lent himself to the plot; and Pierce, for the same reason, became also a party to it. The real intent of the Kansas Nebraska bill, and of the repeal of the Missouri Prohibition engrafted on it, was to make Kansas a Slave State but, as few northern members of Congress could be expected to vote directly and distinctly for such a project, the notion of Squatter Sovereignty was introduced into the bill, to give them an excuse to vote for it. This was the sole object of introducing that clause. It was neither intended nor expected to stand the least in the slaveholders' way. It was supposed that a sudden rush could be made from Missouri into the new territory, and that a slave-holding population would have possession of it before the people of the North were fairly awake to what was going on. It was to insure the success of this plot by dimin ishing the extent of territory to be occupied, and by having something to pacify the North with, when it began to awake to the trick practised upon it, that two territories were erected instead of one, so that what was at first a Nebraska bill became a kansas-nebraska bill.
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