Transactions of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Volume 1

Transactions of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1792 edition. Excerpt: will appear that the Romans did use it, nay for a long time preferred it to iron, a metal more stubborn-to manage, and less in request. Before metallurgy was praitised, 'sticks with their ends burned in the fire, were usual weapons; then arms of stone, and heads of spears and arrows of that substance were introduced. The cabinets of the curious are silled with such. They are found over Europe; and, in Scotland, what our country people call Els-Arro-w Hcadx, which some use as amulets, are the arming of our ancestor's arrows, made of flint, before they knew the use of metals.. a 'When attention was turned to metals, the ealieit smelted and wrought would first come into use. Of these acr, copper, was, from remote-antiquity, applied to every civil, military, and religious purpose. It was late before iron came into general praCtice, as it is a diflicult and tediousprocess to extract it from the ore, and render it-malleable. The Romans were early acquainted with copper. When Servius Tullius divided the inhabitants of Rome into clzisses, he fixed the armour and weapons of each class, and appointed them to be of copper. Livy says' of the first class, " arma his imperata, galea, cly L9-peus, oeceae, lorica; omnia ex aere; haec ut tegumenta corporis cli" sent, tela in hofiem, hafiaque, et gladius," See. This ascertains, that copper was then universally employed in their armour and arms. It appears 'from Caesar1', that Et was the metal he used in refitting his shattered fleet, though no doubt they by this time had become acquainted with the uses of iron, as Dio Caflius informs usi, that Caesar's troops, in the engagement with Ariovifius, found their 'daggers of great avail, not only as they were shorter than the Gallic or German more

Product details

  • Paperback | 120 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 227g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236514858
  • 9781236514851