Traditions in Architecture : Africa, America, Asia and Oceania
This text introduces students, professionals and the general public to the architectural achievements of diverse cultures outside the Euro-American tradition. Rather than concentrating on geographic or chronological categories, however, the authors have arranged their subject matter thematically in order to focus on the basic needs common to all human communities. The book is divided into five major sections, each of which deals with vernacular as well as momumental structures. These five topics are discussed in terms of particular architectural solutions, comparing and contrasting geographically separated buildings and construction traditions. For example, the issue of architectural meaning is studied through symbolic gardens in China, verbal ornament in the Islamic world, and the wall paintings of Ndebele women of southeast Africa. Theoretical issues related to particular building traditions are illuminated by these juxtapositions. The book begins with an investigation into the ways in which the continuity of traditional forms is maintained.
- Hardback | 448 pages
- 166.9 x 231.9 x 28.2mm | 1,443.17g
- 07 Sep 2000
- Oxford University Press Inc
- New York, United States
- 115 halftones, 96 line illustrations
Table of contents
Section I Multiplicity and continuity in tradition: form and content; transfer of traditional architectural knowledge. Section II Water, shelter, and food - practial solutions: survival - water, shelter, and food; climate and biology; materials, methods, and architectural form. Section III Purposes of traditional architecture: spaces for daily life; religious architecture - a continuum of meaning; expression of power. Section IV Planning and design: land use; building types and uses; organization and structures. Section V Cultural types: vernacular and monumental combinations; symbolism and ornamentation; architecture and social relations; theories of architecture; architectural decision-making; the economics of building.
About Dora P. Crouch
Dora P. Crouch is Professor Emeritus at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. June G. Johnson is Lecturer in the Department of Agriculture at El Camino Community College.