Trade and Poverty Reduction in the Asia-Pacific Region : Case Studies and Lessons from Low-income Communities
This book explores the complex relationship between international trade and poverty reduction through a combination of research papers and contemporary case studies. Written mainly by developing-country authors in consultation with local businesses and communities, the case studies contribute to our understanding of the ways in which low-income communities are dealing with trade as a practical challenge, especially in the Asia-Pacific region where approximately two-thirds of the world's poor live. While making it clear that there is no 'one size fits all' formula, the research and stories highlight a number of necessary preconditions, such as political commitment and cooperation at all levels, if trade is to successfully reduce poverty. Openness to trade, serious commitment to domestic reform, trade-related capacity building, a robust and responsible private sector and access to the markets of developed countries are all identified as powerful tools for building trade-related sustainable development.
- Electronic book text
- 16 Jul 2012
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 71 tables
Table of contents
Introduction; Overview paper: The economic effects of trade on poverty reduction Euan MacMillan; Part I. Transnational Corporations, Trade and Poverty Reduction: Thematic paper: Transnational corporations and the global supply chain Andrew Stoler; Case studies: 1. Cambodia's textile and garment industry Peter Van Diermen; 2. Australia's WTO trade policy changes & the future of a Samoan car parts investor Margaret B. Malua; 3. The textile and clothing sector in Indonesia Omas Bulan Samosir; 4. TNCs and the footwear industry - women in Jakarta Beta Yulianita G. Laksono; 5. Pakistan: the arrival and departure of Nike Safdar Sohail; 6. Vietnam - Intel and the electronics sector Andrew Stoler and Phan Van Sam; Part II. Trade in Agriculture and Poverty Reduction: Thematic paper: Agriculture and trade solutions for rural poverty Lee Ann Jackson; Case studies: 7. Food aid: commitments and oversight John Finn; 8. Indigenous Nepalese and trade liberalisation Ojha Purushottam; 9. Samoan agricultural policy - graduating from LDC status Hamish Smith and Lee Ann Jackson; 10. Bali's ornamental fishing industry Lydia Napitupulu and Victoria Donaldson; 11. The rice sector in West Java Milda Irhamni and Chaikal Nuryakin; 12. Chinese agricultural policy - Central and Western Province Shunli Yao; Part III. Trade in Services and Poverty Reduction: Thematic paper: Future of trade in services for developing countries Joy Abrenica, Christopher Findlay and Aik Hoe Lim; Case studies: 13. ICT services in Uganda Siddhartha Prakash; 14. Health services in Malaysia Aik Hoe Lim; 15. Trade in services liberalisation in India Ajitava Raychaudhuri and Prabir De; 16. Trade, aid and services in Tanzania Amanda Sunassee Lam; 17. Telecommunications reform in the Pacific and the case of Vanuatu Chakriya Bowman; Part IV. Migration, Labour Mobility and Poverty Reduction: Thematic paper: Migration, labour mobility and poverty reduction Graeme Hugo; Case studies: 18. Migrant labour and remittances in Bangladesh Fhamida Khatun; 19. Migrant remittances in the state of Kerala, India Saibal Kar; 20. Migrant workers and the role of remittances in Indonesia Nur Wiyono and Dwini Handayani; 21. Labour mobility and poverty reduction in Tonga Vaimoano Taukolo, Jim Redden and Raelyn Esau; Part V. Trade and Poverty Reduction in Small and Vulnerable Economies: Thematic paper: Trade strategies for poverty reduction in SVEs Jim Redden and Ron Duncan; Case studies: 22. Lombok pots Heather Baigent; 23. Plantations to professors in Grenada Sacha Silva; 24. Fisheries subsidies and the western and central Pacific Manleen Dugal; 25. Trade and youth unemployment in East Timor Joao Saldanha and Jim Redden; 26. Trade reform and poverty reduction in PNG Nolpi Kilwa; Future of the Fiji garment industry Biman Chand Prasad, Yenteshwar Ram and Ariel Marr.
'By providing case studies from large and small industries in large and small countries at very different stages of development, this volume contributes significantly to the stock of empirical evidence in support of a more open, transparent and cooperative trade agenda able to deliver sustainable poverty reduction.' Kym Anderson, former Chief Economist with the World Bank and international trade economist at the University of Adelaide 'By giving voice to the indigenous communities of Nepal, the youth of East Timor and women potters of Lombok, this book provides a unique insight into the realities of how global integration and trade liberalisation affect low income communities in the Asia Pacific.' Ricardo Melendez-Ortiz, Chief Executive Office, ICSTD 'The complex relation between trade and poverty reduction is under the microscope here, with detailed research papers brought to life in an array of community based case-studies. What is revealed confirms the urgent need for trade reform - at the domestic, regional and multilateral level.' Mike Moore, former Director General at the WTO and Prime Minister of New Zealand 'This book is a refreshing move away from tedious ideological debates of free and fair trade toward telling us how it really is at ground level - with frankness and clarity.' Colleen Ryan, The Financial Times