Toward Transformation in Social Knowledge

Toward Transformation in Social Knowledge

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Description

This century has been characterized by a strong and pervasive belief in "certainty through science. " It is a belief that has been nurtured by philosophers, scientists, and governing bodies alike. And, where vocal reassurance has failed to convince, modem technology has more than compensated. It has, in effect, been a century in at last to be making significant headway toward objective which humankind seemed and enduring truth. Yet, as the century winds toward its conclusion, this optimistic belief has begun to confront a challenging array of attacks. Widespread signals of concern are increasingly evident, and in the philosophy of science little but remnants remain of the bold rationale that once promised truth through method. One now senses a profound alteration taking place in both the concept of knowledge and of science-an alteration that may prove to be as significant as the Copernican revolution, the emergence of Darwinism, or the development of Freudian theory. As a result of the latter transformations, humans are no longer seen as the center of the universe, as essentially different from animals, or as fully conscious of the wellsprings of their activity. In the present case, however, we confront the loss of the human capacity for objective knowledge.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 260 pages
  • 155 x 235 x 14.73mm | 427g
  • New York, NY, United States
  • English
  • Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1982
  • XII, 260 p.
  • 1461257085
  • 9781461257080

Table of contents

1. Traditional Science in a World of Change.- Assumptive Bases in the Sociobehavioral Sciences.- The Threat of Instability.- Decomposing Patterned Behavior.- Fundamental Assumptions Revisited: The Hypothesis Test.- The Retrenchment of Traditional Science.- 2. The Communal Basis of Social Knowledge.- A Dilemma Solved and a Crisis Created.- Science and the Dilemma of Identification.- Descriptive Language: From Neurons to Nurturance.- The Revitalization of Theory.- The Significance of Empirical Research.- 3. Generative Theory and Degenerative Metatheory.- The Impact on Theory of Logical Empiricist Metatheory.- Methodological Selection and Theoretical Constraint: The Controlled Experiment.- Metatheoretical Constraints on Generative Theory.- The Development of Generative Theory.- 4. The Turning Point in Life-Span Study.- From the Stable to the Aleatory in Developmental Trajectory.- The Emergence of Autonomous Self-Direction.- The Functional Utility of Life-Span Theory.- 5. The Historical Context of Transformation.- The Pivotal Conflict: Exogenic versus Endogenic World Views.- The Struggle toward a New Science.- Metatheoretical Bases for a Unified Alternative.- Toward a Sociorationalism.- References.- Author Index.
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