Tolerance and Intolerance in Early Judaism and Christianity
The essays in this book consider issues of tolerance and intolerance faced by Jews and Christians between approximately 200 BCE and 200 CE. Several chapters are concerned with many different aspects of early Jewish-Christian relationships. Five scholars, however, take a difference tack and discuss how Jews and Christians defined themselves against the pagan world. As minority groups, both Jews and Christians had to work out ways of co-existing with their Graeco-Roman neighbours. Relationships with those neighbours were often strained, but even within both Jewish and Christian circles, issues of tolerance and intolerance surfaced regularly. So it is appropriate that some other contributors should consider 'inner-Jewish' relationships, and that some should be concerned with Christian sects.
- Paperback | 388 pages
- 152 x 226 x 26mm | 598.74g
- 11 Feb 2008
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
Table of contents
List of contributors; List of abbreviations; Introduction Graham N. Stanton; 1. Intolerance and martyrdom: from Socrates to Rabbi 'Aqiva Ithamar Gruenwald; 2. The other in 1 and 2 Maccabees Daniel R. Schwartz; 3. The pursuit of the millennium in early Judaism Albert I. Baumgarten; 4. Conservative revolution? The intolerant innovations of Qumran Michael Mach; 5. Who was considered an apostate in the Jewish Diaspora? John M. G. Barclay; 6. Why did Paul persecute the church? Justin Taylor; 7. Paul and the limits of tolerance Stephen C. Barton; 8. Philo's views on paganism Maren R. Niehoff; 9. Co-existing with the enemy: Jews and pagans in the Mishnah Moshe Halbertal; 10. Tertullian on idolatry and the limits of tolerance Guy G. Stroumsa; 11. The threefold Christian anti-Judaism Francois Blanchetiere; 12. The intertextual polemic of the Markan vineyard parable Joel Marcus; 13. Jews and Jewish Christians in the land of Israel at the time of the Bar Kochba war, with special reference to the Apocalypse of Peter Richard Bauckham; 14. The Nazoreans: living at the boundary of Judaism and Christianity Martinus C. de Boer; 15. Justin Martyr's Dialogue with Trypho: group boundaries, 'proselytes' and 'God-fearers' Graham N. Stanton; 16. Accusations of Jewish persecution in early Christian sources, with particular reference to Justin Martyr and the Martyrdom of Polycarp Judith M. Lieu; 17. Early Christians on synagogue prayer and imprecation William Horbury; 18. Messianism, Torah and early Christian tradition Andrew Chester; 19. Jewish and Christian public ethics in the early Roman Empire Markus Bockmuehl; Postscript: the future of intolerance Guy G. Stroumsa; General bibliography; Index.
"...a new insight into an often discussed subject." Jewish Book World "The contributors and editors have succeeded in their goal of illuminating important facets of the ancient world with respect to their chosen topic." Jeffrey Trumbower, Journal of Early Christian Studies "...full of fresh insights, clearly and persuasively stated, and adhering to high standards of critical, balanced discourse." Louis H. Feldman, SHOFAR "The scholarship of the collection is quite sound. The volume is exceptionally valuable as an introduction to the interaction of identity-formation, deviancy-control, and social engineering in the ancient world with profound applicability to the contemporary scene." Ashland Theological Journal