Three Essays on the Antiquity and Races of Man

Three Essays on the Antiquity and Races of Man

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ...of the Old Stone Age is the series of flint tools. Hundreds of thousands of these tools have been found in western, central, and southern Europe. At first inspection these ancient relics seem scarcely distinguishable. They are all of flint, chert, or similar stone; are all chipped and therefore more or less rough; and consist of forms meant for cutting, scraping, and piercing. But a closer examination reveals many differences in their shapes; and, what is more important yet, quite fundamental differences in the method of their manufacture. The process or technique employed in the fashioning of artifacts is vastly more significant than their appearance; and it is only by directing attention to the process that one can learn to classify these ' fossils of civilization' with accurate results and to work out their sequence. Chellean.--In the Chellean period there was made practically only a single type of implement, a sort of rude pick or triangular wedge. It is normally somewhat pointed, although rarely really sharp. The butt end is rounded, some of the original surface of the cobble or nodule of flint often being left for convenience of the hand in grasping the implement. This tool is usually known as the ' Chellean pick.' The Germans often call it faust-keil or "fist wedge," and the French have coined the expressive epithet coup-de-poing or "blow of the fist." The Chellean pick averages from four to six inches in length, somewhat less in breadth, and weighs perhaps from a quarter to a full pound. It would have made an effective rude weapon. When firmly grasped and well directed, it could easily crush a skull. It would serve to split wood, hack limbs from trees, butcher large game, and perhaps roughly dress hides. more

Product details

  • Paperback | 28 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 68g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236977300
  • 9781236977304