Excerpt from Thomas Stevenson of London, England and His Descendants
Every school child knows that New York was settled by the Hollanders, and the English coming by the way of Puri tan New England that Pennsylvania was bought by William Penn, a Quaker, and that a company of that sect, led by Penn, purchased East and West Jersey. What is not so well known is, that the English Quakers only settled a strip of country extending back about ten miles on each side from the Dela ware River, between Trenton and Salem. On the western side of the river the rest of the country was settled by Swedes, Germans, scotch-irish, Welsh and emigrants from New England. On the Jersey side of the Delaware the largest inﬂux of settlers were the Dutch from New York, and the English both from Long Island (chieﬂy) and from New Eng land. Mixed up with these were Swedes, Germans, with a few scotch-irish and Huguenots.
Under the land-warrant system of the New Jersey colonies for the sale and disposal of lands, which was afterwards adopted by the United States Government, each settler usually preferred to live on his own farm rather than in a town; therefore, local self-government was left to the townships and counties. Under the religious toleration inaugurated by the Quakers, the Puritan found it best to leave his united town and church government behind him.
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