Preface. Acknowledgements. Presentation of the foundations of thermodynamics in about twelve one-hour lectures; E.P. Gyftopoulos. Pictorial visualization of the entropy of thermodynamics; E.P. Gyftopoulos. Thermodynamic optimization of inanimate and animate flow systems; A. Bejan. Constructyal flow geometry optimization; A. Bejan. Fundamentals of exergy analysis and exergy-aided thermal systems design; M.J. Moran. Strengths and limitations of exergy analysis; G. Tsatsaronis. Design optimization using exergoeconomics; G. Tsatsaronis. On-line thermoeconomic diagnosis of thermal power plants; A. Valero, et al. Exergy in thermal systems analysis; J. Szargut. Allocation of finite energetic resources via an exergetic costing method; E. Sciubba. Optimisation of turbomachinery components by constrained minimisation of the local entropy production rate; E. Sciubba. Available energy versus entropy; A. OEzturk. Exergy analysis in the process industry; R.L. Cornelissen, G.G. Hirs. Exergetic life cycle analysis of components in a system; R.L. Cornelissen, G.G. Hirs. The intimate connection between exergy and the environment; I. Dincer, M.A. Rosen. Effect of variation of environmental conditions on exergy and on power conversion; Y.A. Goegammaus, OE.E. Ataer. Bonds graphs and influence coefficients applications; Y.A. Goegammaus. Repowering options for existing power plants; P.F. Mathieu. Cogeneration based on gas turbines, gas engines and fuel cells; P.F. Mathieu. Gas dynamics cycles of thermal and refrigerating machines; A.I. Leontiev. Energy saving techniques in distillation: thermodynamic efficiency and energy conservation; Z. Fonyo, E. Rev. Second law based optimization of systems withthermomechanial dissipative processes; E. Mamut. Solar energy conversion into work: simple upper bound efficiencies; V. Badescu. Thermodynamic approach to the optimization of central solar energy systems; A. Segal. Thermodynamic optimization in ocean thermal energy conversion; Y. Ikegami, H. Uehara. How to unify solar energy converters and Carnot engines; A. de Vos. Optimal control for multistage endoreversible engines with heat and mass transfer; S. Sieniutycz. Thermodynamics and optimization of reverse cycle machines; M.L. Feidt. Synthesis on Stirling engine optimization; M. Costea, et al. Minimizing losses tools of finite-time thermodynamics; B. Andresen. Physics versus engineering of finite-time thermodynamic models and optimizations; P. Salamon. Optimization and simulation of time dependent heat driven refrigerators with continuous temperature control; J.V.C. Vargas. Intelligent computer aided design, analysis, optimization and improvement of thermodynamic systems; C. Wu. A study of the large oscillations of the thermodynamic pendulum by the method of cubication; G. Stanescu. Author Index. Subject Index.