The Theory and Practice of Ancient Education; Being the Chancellor's English Essay 1885

The Theory and Practice of Ancient Education; Being the Chancellor's English Essay 1885

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1910 edition. Excerpt: ...would still remain to bear witness against all that is slothful or haphazard in education. Aristotle's discussion of education in the Politics is unfortunately only a fragment, but it is sufficient to give us an outline of his views. His aim is a practical one (ov yvStai? oAa irpa$is, as in the Ethics), and his system is not bound up so closely wi'.h his philosophy. Education, he begins by saying, is a state question; each polity involves a corresponding tone or character (jJOos) in its citizens, and to the development of this JjOos education must be directed; therefore the education must be relative to the polityA man, too, does not belong entirely to himself; he is a part of the state, and should be made to realise ita. Thirdly, without state regulation we get negligence such as prevails all through Greece, except in Sparta3. Every man educates his children as seems best in his own eyes. Though based on general principles, instruction need not necessarily be uniform in all its details, and methods; indeed it is evident that different individuals require varying treatment for no art admits of perfectly rigid rules. Aristotle now asks what is the aim of ordinary Greek education: that education consists of yp6nnara, yvfuxuTTiKri, nova-iKT), and ypcupiKyj. Of these the first and last are taught for utility, the second aims at producing courage. The question of the aim of music is more obscure; possibly most people would say that pleasure was its object; this is not so: in reality it is for the rational enjoyment of leisure ( iv rx5 Stoywyi;). Whilst we must not omit to teach certain subjects which are useful or rather necessary, our ideal of education must not be mere utility; such a training would cramp the mind, and unfit men for...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 30 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 73g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236789938
  • 9781236789938