The Visual Arts

The Visual Arts : A History, Volume I

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Description

This new edition is an authoritative and provides a balanced account of the history of art. It presents art history as an essential part of the development of humankind, encompassing the arts of Asia, Africa, Oceania, Europe, and the Americas-spanning from the primitive art of hunters 30,000 years ago to the most controversial art forms of today.
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Product details

  • 12-17
  • Paperback | 520 pages
  • 210 x 279 x 25.4mm | 1,517g
  • Pearson
  • United States
  • English
  • 7th edition
  • 0131551140
  • 9780131551145

Table of contents

Preface ix



Introduction 2

Art as Craft 2

Systems of Building 3

Sculptural Techniques and Materials 3

Painting Techniques and Materials 5

Print-making 7

Photography 9

Pictorial Representation 9

Perspective 9

Color 11

Style and Individual Expression 13

Context: Function and Meaning 14

The Power of Images 16

Women Artists 18

The History of Art 20



Part One

Foundations of Art



Chapter One

Before History 24

Timechart 24

The Art of the Hunters 25

Map Prehistoric Europe and the Near East 26

Cave Art 27

Mesolithic Art 33

The Art of Farmers 33

In context Catal Huyuk: A Neolithic Town 34

Neolithic Architecture 37

Stonehenge 38



Chapter Two

The Early Civilizations 40

Timechart 40

Mesopotamia 41

Sumer 41

Map Ancient West Asia 43

Akkadian Art 45

Ziggurats 46

Sources and Documents Gudea's Dream 47

Babylon 48

The Indus Valley 49

Ancient Egypt 52

Predynastic 52

Map Ancient Egypt 53

Early Dynastic 54

Old Kingdom Architecture 55

Sources and Documents Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts 58

Old Kingdom Sculpture and Painting 59

Middle Kingdom 63

The Aegean 65

Map The Ancient Aegean 65

Minoan Crete 66

Mycenae and the Mainland 71

In Context The Homeric World 74

China 75

Shang Dynasty 75

Map Ancient China 76



Chapter Three

Developments Across the Continents 80

The Hittites 80

Timechart 80

The Discovery of Iron 82

Map Anatolia, Syria and Mesopotamia 83

The New Kingdom in Ancient Egypt 83

Sources and Documents Thutmose Instructs his Vizier 85

In Context Hatshepsut: Women in Ancient Egypt 86

New Kingdom Architecture 88

Akhenaten 90

Ramesside Art 93

Assyria and Babylon 95

Narrative Relief 98

Babylon 100

Iran 102

Achaemenid Art 102

Persepolis 104

Zhou China 106

The Americas 109

Map Ancient Mesoamerica 109

The Olmecs 110

Peru 111

Map Ancient Peru 112

In Context Chavin de Huantar: Religion and Society, in Ancient Peru 113

Africa: Nok Culture 115



Chapter Four

The Greeks and Their Neighbours 116

Timechart 116

Archaic Greece 117

Map Ancient Greece 118

The Male Nude 121

The Polis 125

The Classical Period 126

The Parthenon 126

Sources and Documents Pausanias on the Parthenon 128

In Context The Delphi Charioteer: Ancient Greek Religion and Athletics 134

Naturalism and Idealization 138

Concepts The Ideal: Idealism, Proportion and the `Canon' 139

Vase Painting 143

Stelae 145

The Late Classical Period 146

Barbarian Alternatives: Scythians and the Animal Style 149

Urban Development Organic Growth and Urban Planning from Jericho to Athens 150

Hallstatt and La Tene 154

Iberia and Sardinia 156

The Etruscans 157

Sources and Documents Pliny on Etruscan Sculpture 161



Chapter Five

Hellenistic and Roman Art 165

Timechart 165

Map Etruscan and Roman Italy 167

The Hellenistic Period 167

Plato, Aristotle and the Arts 169

Allegory 173

Hellenistic Architecture 175

Hellenistic and Roman Painting and Mosaics 178

In Context Roman Luxury: Silver and Cameo Glass 179

Sources and Documents Vitruvius on Roman Painting 183

Roman Architecture 185

Domestic Architecture 186

Temples and Public Works 187

Urban Development The Roman City: From the Republic to the Late Empire 188

The Colosseum and the Invention of Concrete 191

The Pantheon 193

Roman Sculpture 195

Towards a Definition of Roman Art 196

In Context Family Piety: The Roman Portrait Bust 200

Late Antique Art 207



Part Two

Art and the World Religions



Chapter Six

Buddhism, Hinduism and the Arts of South and East Asia 216

Timechart 216

Buddhist Art in India 219

Map India 219

In Context The Life of the Buddha: Scriptures and Images 222

The Image of Buddha 224

Hindu Art in India 230

Concepts The Divine: From Apollo to Vishnu 233

In Context Ellora: An Architect-Sculptor's Summit 237

Sources and Documents Konarak Temple Building Accounts 238

Buddhist and Hindu Art in Sri Lanka and Java 244

Map South-East Asia 244

Buddhist and Hindu Art on the South-east Asian Mainland 249

Confucian, Daoist and Buddhist Art in China 255

Han Dynasty 255

In Context Confucius: Han Relief Carving 258

Tang Dynasty and the Five Dynasties 265

Song Dynasty 268

Landscape Painting 272

Shinto and Buddhist Art in Japan 277

Sources and Documents The Nihongi on the First Buddhist Images in Japan 279

The Heian, Fujiwara and Kamakura Periods (794-1333) 282

Sources and Documents Lady Murasaki on Calligraphy 285



Chapter Seven

Early Christian and Byzantine Art 288

Timechart 288

The Beginnings of Christian Art 289

In Context The Catacombs: Early Christian Art 292

From Domus Ecclesiae to the Christian Basilica 294

The Image of Christ 297

Sources and Documents Agnellus on S Apollinare Nuovo 300

Ravenna 303

Byzantine Art 306

Ecclesiastical Architecture 306

Map The Byzantine World 307

Hagia Sophia 307

Urban Development Constantinople: The Creation of a Christian Imperial Capital City 308

The Classical Tradition 313

Icons and Iconoclasts 315

The Triumph of Orthodoxy 316

In Context The Virgin: The First Images 318

Christian Art in Northern Europe 320

Interlace and Illumination 322

Christian Art in Western Europe 324

The Carolingian Renovatio 326

Sources and Documents Einhard on the Palatine Chapel 327

In Context Monasticism: East and West 328

Developments in Christian Imagery 329



Chapter Eight

Early Islamic Art 333

Timechart 333

Map The Islamic World 334

Umayyad Art and Architecture 336

Sources and Documents The Byzantine Ambassadors Visit Baghdad 341

Abbasid Art and Architecture 342

Islamic Spain 345

Samanid and Seljuk Architecture 348

Islamic Decoration 349

In Context The Madrasa: Architecture for Education 350



Part Three

Sacred and Secular Art



Chapter Nine

Medieval Christendom 356

Timechart 356

Map Western Europe and the Middle Ages 358

Ottonian Art 359

Romanesque Architecture in Italy 362

Romanesque Art and Architecture in Northern Europe 366

Innovations in Romanesque Architecture 373

Gothic Art and Architecture 375

Sources and Documents Abbot Suger Finds Columns and Beams for St-Denis 376

In Context The Gothic Cathedral: The New Jerusalem 378

High Gothic 380

Stained Glass and Flying Buttresses 381

Urban Development Medieval Towns: Commercial Prosperity and Civic Pride 382

Economics and Theology 387

Sources and Documents Abbot Haymo and the `Cult of the Carts' at Chartres 387

Sculpture and Painting 388

English and German Gothic 391

Sources and Documents Piers Plowman on Stained Glass and Opus Anglicanum 392

Italian Gothic 393

In Context St Francis and St Clare 396

Giotto 403

Sources and Documents The Monks in Padua Complain about the Scrovegni Chapel 405

Secular and International Gothic 408



Chapter Ten

The Fifteenth Century in Europe 416

Timechart 416

The Beginnings of the Italian Renaissance 417

Map Renaissance Italy 418

Brunelleschi 418

Masaccio 420

`Progress' in Sculpture 421

A New Style in Flanders 424

Van Eyck and van der Weyden 424

In Context The Ghent Altarpiece: Jan van Eyck and his Patrons 426

Sources and Documents Bartolommeo Fazio on Jan van Eyck 430

Architecture in Italy 430

Alberti 431

Sculpture in Italy 433

Donatello 433

New Departures 434

Italian Painting and the Church 438

Fra Angelico, Uccello and Piero della Francesca 439

Sources and Documents Filippino Lippi and Filippo Strozzi: Financial and other Problems over the Strozzi Chapel 441

Secular Painting 443

Botticelli 445

The Venetian Synthesis 449

Mantegna and Bellini 449

International Humanism 453

Durer 453

In Context Bellini and Carpaccio: Corporate Patronage in Renaissance Venice 454



Glossary

For Further Reading

Index

Picture Credits
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