The Reflective Practitioner : How Professionals Think In Action
A leading M.I.T. social scientist and consultant examines five professions,engineering, architecture, management, psychotherapy, and town planning,to show how professionals really go about solving problems.The best professionals, Donald Schoen maintains, know more than they can put into words. To meet the challenges of their work, they rely less on formulas learned in graduate school than on the kind of improvisation learned in practice. This unarticulated, largely unexamined process is the subject of Schoen's provocatively original book, an effort to show precisely how "reflection-in-action" works and how this vital creativity might be fostered in future professionals.
- Paperback | 384 pages
- 138 x 204 x 27mm | 368g
- 23 Sep 1984
- INGRAM PUBLISHER SERVICES US
- BASIC BOOKS
- New York, United States
Table of contents
Professional Knowledge and Reflection-In-Action * The Crisis of Confidence in Professional Knowledge * From Technical Rationality to Reflection-in-Action Professional Contexts for Reflection-In-Action * Design as a Reflective Conversation with the Situation * Psychotherapy: The Patient as a Universe of One * The Structure of Reflection-in-Action * Reflective Practice in the Science-Based Professions * Town Planning: Limits to Reflection-in-Action * The Art of Managing: Reflection-in-Action Within an Organizational Learning System * Patterns and Limits of Reflection-in-Action Across the Professions Conclusion * Implications for the Professions and Their Place in Society
About Donald A. Schon
Donald A. Schoen is Ford Professor of Urban Studies and Education at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.