The Myth of Ownership

The Myth of Ownership : Taxes and Justice

3.8 (55 ratings by Goodreads)
By (author)  , By (author) 

Free delivery worldwide

Available. Dispatched from the UK in 4 business days
When will my order arrive?

Not expected to be delivered to the United States by Christmas Not expected to be delivered to the United States by Christmas

Description

In a capitalist economy, taxes are the most important instrument by which the political system puts into practice a conception of economic and distributive justice. Taxes arouse strong passions, fueled not only by conflicts of economic self-interest, but by conflicting ideas of fairness. Taking as a guiding principle the conventional nature of private property, Murphy and Nagel show how taxes can only be evaluated as part of the overall system of property rights that they help to create. Justice or injustice in taxation, they argue, can only mean justice or injustice in the system of property rights and entitlements that result from a particular regime. Taking up ethical issues about individual liberty, interpersonal obligation, and both collective and personal responsibility, Murphy and Nagel force us to reconsider how our tax policy shapes our system of property rights.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 238 pages
  • 138 x 204 x 20mm | 299.38g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 0195176561
  • 9780195176568
  • 374,582

Review quote

"This magnificent contribution from the distinguished philosophers Liam Murphy and Thomas Nagel reminds us that fundamental issues of justice lie at the core of often mundane debates about taxation. The provocative thesis of The Myth of Ownership that the tax system helps create, rather than conforms to, the overall system of property rights has profound policy implications. I highly recommend this engaging book and the rethinking of first principles it inspires to anyone interested in taxation and the role of government in society and the economy."-Joel Slemrod, Paul W. McCracken Collegiate Professor of Business Economics and Public Policy, University of Michigan "The best book by far on the political morality of taxation. In a clear and compelling analysis, Murphy and Nagel expose the mistake of thinking that individuals own their pretax income and they examine the social benefits of justifiable tax policy. Taking this book's message to heart would transform contemporary democratic politics."-Amy Gutmann, Provost and Laurance S. Rockefeller University Professor of Politics, Princeton University "The authors very effectively argue that the taxation, such as the benefit and ability-to-pay principles, fall victim to a fatal defect. Justice in taxation cannot be assessed apart from a general theory of property rights."-The Mises Review "The Myth of Ownership...should be read by all who wish to enter the discussion regarding taxes."-William Michell Law Review "The thoughts in this book deserve examination, especially the views of Nagel and Murphy on the self-interest each taxpayer reasonably has in the social justice purchased by hard-earned money....[They] offer ideas that would improve the national debate."-David Cay Johnston,New York Times Book Review "Murphy and Nagel claim that pretax income is a myth, and, as such, has no moral significance.... The Myth of Ownership significantly increases the sophistication of the discussion [fairness in taxation]." -Michigan Law Reviewshow more

About Liam Murphy

Liam Murphy teaches law and philosophy at New York University. He is the author of Moral Demands in Nonideal Theory. Thomas Nagel teaches law and philosophy at New York University. He is the author of Moral Questions, Equality and Partiality, and The Last Word.show more

Table of contents

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION ; CHAPTER 2. TRADITIONAL CRITERIA OF TAX EQUITY ; CHAPTER 3. ECONOMIC JUSTICE NI POLITICAL THEORY ; CHAPTER 4. REDISTRIBUTION AND PUBLIC PROVISION ; CHAPTER 5. THE TAX BASE ; CHAPTER 6. PROGRESSIVITY ; CHAPTER 7. INHERITANCE ; CHAPTER 8. TAX DISCRIMINATION ; CHAPTER 9. CONCLUSION: POLITICSshow more

Rating details

55 ratings
3.8 out of 5 stars
5 33% (18)
4 29% (16)
3 25% (14)
2 11% (6)
1 2% (1)
Book ratings by Goodreads
Goodreads is the world's largest site for readers with over 50 million reviews. We're featuring millions of their reader ratings on our book pages to help you find your new favourite book. Close X