The Complete Learning Disabilities Handbook

The Complete Learning Disabilities Handbook : Ready-to-Use Strategies and Activities for Teaching Students with Learning Disabilities

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The third edition of this classic resource is a comprehensive source of information, strategies, and activities for working with learning disabled students. The book offers special educators, classroom teachers, and parents a wealth of new and proven suggestions and ready-to-use materials for helping LD students of all ages learn and perform at their fullest potential.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 416 pages
  • 213.36 x 276.86 x 25.4mm | 1,179.33g
  • John Wiley & Sons Inc
  • Jossey-Bass Inc.,U.S.
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 3rd Edition
  • 0787997552
  • 9780787997557
  • 83,834

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The Complete Learning Disabilities Handbook

The third edition of this classic resource is a comprehensive source of information, strategies, and activities for working with learning disabled students. The book offers special educators, classroom teachers, and parents a wealth of new and proven suggestions and ready-to-use materials for helping LD students of all ages learn and perform at their fullest potential.

Harwell and Jackson provide clear explanations of the latest research on learning disabilities as well as a wealth of practical strategies for classroom management, lesson plans, and assessment. This authoritative, up-to-date reference includes:

An overview of learning disabilities, written in easily accessible terms

Diagnostic tools and remediation techniques forall types of learning disabilities

Specific interventions for specific problems

Strategies for building LD students' academic skills in all basic content areas

Ways to increase motivation, participation, andself-esteem in even the most reluctant learner

Solutions to common problems that may co-exist with LD, like poor social skills and attention deficits

Classroom management strategies proven to work with LD students

Tips for working successfully with parents
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About Joan M. Harwell

Joan M. Harwell has more than thirty years' experience as a classroom teacher and special educator. Harwell is the best-selling author of numerous books in the special education field.
Rebecca Williams Jackson has more than twelve years of experience working with students with learning disabilities. She works as an educational consultant and advocate for students with learning disabilities and their families.
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Table of contents

Acknowledgments xvAbout the Authors xviiAbout This Book xix1 An Overview of the Field of Learning Disabilities 1History of Learning Disabilities 2Causal Factors 6Incidence 8Primary Characteristics of Learning Disabilities 8Comorbid or Co-occurring Conditions 9Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 9Conduct Disorder 10Tourette Syndrome 10Prognosis 10Programs and Settings for the Learning Disabled 11Facts About Learning Disabilities 12Summary 14List of Major Organizations for the Learning Disabled 14Periodicals on Learning Disabilities 152 Research in the Field of Learning Disabilities 17Overview of the Brain, Biology, and Behavior 17Brain Injury 20Structural Brain Differences 22Biochemical Infl uences 25Research on Memory 27Research on Metacognition 28Research on Phonological Processing Problems 42Research on Maturation and Retention 43Research on Communication Problems 45Research on Self-Concept, Self-Esteem, and Self-Efficacy 45Research on Teachers Perceptions 46Research on Social Competence and Social Skills Training 46Summary 473 Understanding the Laws 48Parental Rights 50Parents as Advocates 53Student Rights 53Teacher Rights and Obligations 53Behavioral Goals and Behavioral Improvement Plans 54Student and Parental Rights Regarding Suspension or Expulsion 56Summary 574 Early Childhood Education for At-Risk Students 58Special Education Services from Birth Through Age Two 62Special Education Services for Children Ages Three Through Five 63Assessment of Young Children 64The Components of an Effective Early Childhood Education Program 65Maturation and Readiness for Kindergarten 66Summary 675 The Student Study Team Process 68The Case for Early Intervention 69Recognizing the Need 69Talking with Parents 69Parent and Student Preparation for the Student Study Team (SST) 71Predictable Parental Feelings and Reactions 74Initiating a Request for a Student Study Meeting 74The Student Study Team Process 74The Roles of the SST Members 76Digital Classroom Accommodations 83Sensory Accommodations 856 Formal Assessment and Identifi cation of the Student with Learning Disabilities 86The Multidisciplinary Team Process 86Roles of the Members of the Multidisciplinary Team 87Guidelines for Assessment 88Intellectual Assessment 89Intelligence Quotient (IQ) 89Visual Perception 91Auditory Perception 93Memory 94Academic Assessment 94Commonly Used Tests 95Classroom and Playground Observations 96Time-on-Task Assessment 100Language Assessment 102Health Assessment 103Behavioral Assessment 103Summary 1047 Planning for the Student with Learning Disabilities 110Eligibility Issues 111The Discrepancy Model 113Exclusionary Criteria 114Assessment Scores and Their Implication for Learning 115Eligible or Not Eligible? Developing the Individual Education Plan (IEP) 117Choosing the Appropriate Educational Setting ( Least Restrictive Environment ) 117Determining the Number of Hours 118Writing Appropriate, Measurable Objectives 119The Purpose of Goals 119Dissenting Opinions 120Reviews of the IEP 120The Annual Review 120The Triennial Review 120Special Reviews 120Due Process 1208 Classroom Management for Teachers 127Creating an Attractive and Useful Classroom 127Planning the First Week s Activities 128Behavioral Management Considerations 129Positive Reinforcement 129Rules 130Settling Students After a Recess 132Projecting a Positive Feeling 132Finding Better Ways to Talk to Students 133Preventing Misbehavior 134Keep the Environment Consistent and Structured 134Help Students Succeed 134Use Rewards, Contracts, Tokens, and Reinforcers 135Rewards 135Contracts 136Lotteries 136Token Economies 136Handling Misbehavior 138 Ball in Your Court Technique 139Timeout 139Crisis Management 140Four Types of Challenging Students 140Record Keeping 143Using the Classroom Aide Effectively 144Twenty Tips for Successful Classroom Management 144Sample Approaches to Handling Inappropriate Behaviors 146Summary 1499 Academic Management Considerations 150Curriculum, Setting, and Students Needs 151Getting to Know Your Students Academic Needs Quickly Through Informal Testing 152Goal Setting and Effective Lesson Design 152Planning the School Day 155Planning for Flexibility 156Scheduling and Pacing 156Using a Variety of Activities 156Grouping Students 156Allowing Students Some Choice in Assignments and Rewards 156Transforming Passive Students into Participatory Students 157Overcoming Failure Syndrome 157Planning Cooperative Learning Tasks 158Suggestions for Maximizing Educational Results 159Improving Lesson Results Through Feedback 160Improving Learning Through Specifi c Teaching Techniques 161Tests That Teach 161Story Mapping, Advanced Organizers, and Webs 162Mnemonics 164Use of Higher-Level Thinking Activities 164Issues of Grading and Evaluation 165Tips for Academic Management 16610 Interventions for Specific Problems 168Visual Perceptual Deficits 169Auditory Processing Deficits 172Spatial Awareness Deficits 174Conceptual Deficits 175Memory Deficits 177Students with Poor Work Habits 180Interventions for Other Common LD Classroom Problems 182Students with Poor Social Relationships or Behaviors 185Students with Dyslexia 191Sample History Assignment 193Students with ADD or ADHD 194Medical Treatment of ADD and ADHD 194Behavioral Considerations for Students with ADD or ADHD 196Tips for Classroom Teachers 19711 Reading and the Student with Learning Disabilities 199Who Will Have Trouble Learning to Read? 200Elements of a Balanced Literacy Program 200Phonemic Awareness 201Sample Phonemic Awareness Lesson 1: Kindergarten Grade 1 202Sample Phonemic Awareness Lesson 2: Kindergarten Grade 1 203Sample Phonemic Awareness Lesson 3: Grades 1 2 (Instructional Level) 205Sample Phonemic Awareness Lesson 4: Any Grade to High School 206A Step-by-Step Guide for Teaching Reading to Students with Learning Disabilities 207Letter Recognition and Sound Knowledge 210Working with the Nonreader 211Working with the Emergent Reader 216Materials for Beginning and Emergent Readers 218Working with the Guided Reader 220Tips for Teaching Reading 22812 Writing, Spelling, and Speaking 256Printing 259Teaching the Mechanics of Writing 260Sample Interactive Writing Lesson (Instructional Level 1.3) 262Sample Writing Lesson (Instructional Level 2.5) 265Spelling for Young Students with Learning Disabilities 266Materials 266Methods 267Speaking Activities for Young Students with Learning Disabilities 270Handwriting Skills for Older Students with Learning Disabilities 271The Mechanics of Writing for Older Students with Learning Disabilities 274Letter Writing 277E-mails and Digital Communication 278Report Writing 278Journal Writing 279Spelling Activities for Older Students with Learning Disabilities 280Speaking Opportunities for Older Students with Learning Disabilities 285Sample Lesson: Recognizing Nouns 286Sample Lesson: Recognizing Verbs 288Writing Activities 290My Accident 291Title of My Story 29213 Teaching Mathematically Challenged Students 297Diagnosing a Student s Difficulties 297Teaching Techniques 299Levels of Understanding: Concrete, Representational, and Abstract 299Incorporating Reading into the Math Curriculum 303Teaching Specific Skills 305Counting Symbols and One-to-One Correspondence 305Beginning Addition 306Counting and Understanding the Numbers 0 100 307Recognizing and Counting Coins 309Place Value: Ones and Tens Place 309Counting by Fives 311Time by the Hour 312Time by Hour and Minute 312Beginning Subtraction 314Doing and Undoing: Plus and Minus 314Building Numbers 316Addition and Regrouping 317More and Less 317Simple Story Problems 318Subtraction With and Without Regrouping 318Rounding Numbers to the Nearest 10 or Nearest 100 320Recognizing and Spelling Number Words 320Place Value Through Thousands 323Linear Measurement 323Simple Multiplication Techniques 324Simple Division Techniques 327Doing and Undoing (Multiplication and Division) 327Liquid Measurement 328Fractions 328Estimating 331More Complex Story Problems 331More Complex Division 332Relating Fractions to Decimals 332Making Change 333Summary 33314 Adolescents and Adults with Learning Disabilities 335Understanding the Changing Needs of the Adolescent 335School Changes 335Physical Changes 336Efforts to Engage the Junior High Student in the Educational Process 337Departmentalization (School Within a School) 337Personal Efforts of Individual Teachers 338Curriculum for the Junior High School 339Basic Skills 340Strategies to Increase Metacognition and Learning 341The Art of Counseling Adolescent Students 341Teaching Students to Be Their Own Advocates 343Transition IEPs 346Understanding the Needs of the High School Student with Learning Disabilities 346Work-Study Program 347Continuation Schools and Independent Study Programs 348Life and Social Skills 348Understanding the Needs of the Young Adult with Learning Disabilities 348Services Available to Students Going to College 350Vocational Rehabilitation Services for the Learning Disabled 351Adult Education Opportunities 35115 The Role of the Family 352The Role of Parents as Parents 352The Home Environment 353Providing Worthwhile Activities 354The Role of Parents as Teachers 354Supervision of Homework 354Helping at School 356The Role of Parents as Advocates 356Tips for Helping Your Child 35716 Education in the New Millennium 359Increased Mainstreaming 359Increased Use of Technology 360Class Size 361Teacher Preparation Trends and Issues 362Professional Salaries and Working Conditions 362Conclusion 363References 365Further Reading 373Index 377
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