Texts and Contexts in Ancient and Medieval Science

Texts and Contexts in Ancient and Medieval Science : Studies on the Occasion of John E. Murdoch's Seventieth Birthday

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These studies respond to the challenge posed twenty years ago by John E. Murdoch, in whose honor they have been assembled: to interpret ancient and medieval mathematical and scientific texts not just as isolated intellectual productions but as responses to particular settings or contexts.
Two broad settings are explored here: that of the wider intellectual culture, where relations among mathematics, astronomy, natural philosophy - and also theology, logic and astrology - are shown to have shaped individual texts; and the context of lay society, where institutional structures, patronage, even personal relationships impinged upon scientific writing.
The volume reinforces the growing recognition that ancient and medieval scientific texts "made a difference" to their authors and audiences and must be understood in relation to topics like disciplinary identity, career advancement, lay interest, and practical applicability.

Publications by John E. Murdoch:

Edited by Christoph Luthy, John E. Murdoch and William R. Newman, Late Medieval and Early Modern Corpuscular Matter Theories, ISBN: 978 90 04 11516 3
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Product details

  • Hardback | 330 pages
  • 160 x 240 x 28.96mm | 810g
  • Leiden, Netherlands
  • English
  • 9004108238
  • 9789004108233
  • 3,088,075

Table of contents

List of Plates
List of Contributors
Editor's Introduction, Edith D. Sylla and Michael R. McVaugh
Publications of John E. Murdoch

I. Eudoxan Astronomy and Aristotelian Holism in the Physics, Jean de Groot
II. The Latin Sources of Quadrans vetus, and What They Imply for Its Authorship and Date, Wilbur R.
III. Roger Bacon's De laudibus mathematicae: A Prelimary Study, George Molland
IV. What Really Happened on 7 March 1277? Bishop Tempier's Condemnation and Its Instituional Context,
J.M.M.H. Thijssen
V. Armengaud Blaise as a Translator of Galen, Michael R. McVaugh
VI. The Meaning of Natural Diversity: Marco Polo on the "Division: of the World, Katherine Park
VII. Thomas Bradwardine's De continuo and the structure of Fourtheenth Century Learning, Edith D.
VIII. Nicole Oresme, Aristotle's On the Heavens, and the Court of Charles V, Edward Grant
IX. Charles V. Nicole Oresme, and Christine de Pizan: Unities and Uses of Knowledge in Fourtheenth-Century
France, Joan Cadden
X. Academic Consulting in fiftheenth-Century Vienna: The Case of Astrology, Michael H. Shank
XI. Domingo de Soto's "Laws" of Motion: Text and Context, William A. Wallace
XII. Art, Nature, and Experiment among Some Aristotelian Alchemists, Wiliam R. Newman

Index Codicum
General Index
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About Edith Sylla

Edith Sylla is Professor of History at North Carolina State University. She is currently working on Jacob Bernoulli's Ars Coniectandi and on alternative perspectives on the Scientific Revolution, particularly that of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.

Michael R. McVaugh, Ph.D. (1965) in History (Princeton University) is Wiliam Smith Wells Professor of History at the University of North Carolina. He has published extensively on late medieval medicine, including Medicine Before the Plague (Cambridge, 1993).
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