Textile Manufacturing Volume 1

Textile Manufacturing Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1906 edition. Excerpt: ... solid conical point of the shoe c fits; the straps a extend up the sides of the pile, and are bolted or spiked to it, as shown. The straps and bolts hold the shoe in place, while the flat end of the pile receives the effect of the blow. 26. Timber Footings on Piles.--For footing courses on pile foundations several methods are practiced. Fig. 14 shows a timber footing course, or capping, laid below the water level to prevent rotting. Heavy timbers b are spiked longitudinally to the tops of the piles a, which are cut off at an even height, and the timbers c laid transversely on and secured to these. By this method the load is distributed evenly over the tops of the piles. ' 27. Stone Footings on Piles.--Fig. 15 illustrates footings made of large-sized building stone with level beds, a being the piles and b the building-stone footings. These stones must in every case rest directly on the piles. Great care must also be taken that one pile comes under each corner of the stone, to keep it from tipping, and that the stone has a full bearing on each pile head. To insure this, the piles must be sawed off perfectly level and all the same height, as no pieces of wood or small bits of stone should be placed under the stones to give them bearingon the piles; wooden chips crush under a load, and pieces of stone afe likely to be broken or dislodged, leaving the block in a state of dangerous instability. In many cases concrete filling is used between the piles, as shown in Fig. 16. After the piles are cut off at the water level, which is shown at ae, the earth is excavated to bf, usually about 2 feet, and the space thus obtained is filled in with the concrete c, well rammed around the sides of the piles d, and leveled off at the top to carry the...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 108 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 209g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236976037
  • 9781236976031