Teaching ESL/EFL Listening and Speaking
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Teaching ESL/EFL Listening and Speaking

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Description

Using a framework based on principles of teaching and learning, this guide for teachers and teacher trainees provides a wealth of suggestions for helping learners at all levels of proficiency develop their listening and speaking skills and fluency. By following these suggestions, which are organized around four strands - meaning-focused input, meaning-focused output, language-focused learning, and fluency development - teachers will be able to design and present a balanced program for their students.





Teaching ESL/EFL Listening and Speaking, and its companion text, Teaching ESL/EFL Reading and Writing, are similar in format and the kinds of topics covered, but do not need to be used together. Drawing on research and theory in applied linguistics, their focus is strongly hands-on, featuring








easily applied principles,







a large number of useful teaching techniques, and







guidelines for testing and monitoring.








All Certificate, Diploma, Masters and Doctoral courses for teachers of English as a second or foreign language include a teaching methods component. The texts are designed for and have been field tested in such programs.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 210 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 12.7mm | 363g
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 16 Tables, black and white
  • 0415989701
  • 9780415989701
  • 72,522

Table of contents

@contents: Selected Contents:


Chapter 1 Parts and goals of a listening and speaking course


The four strands


A commonsense justification of the four strands


Learning through listening and reading


Learning through speaking and writing


Language-focused learning


Becoming fluent in listening, speaking, reading and writing


Balancing the four strands


Integrating the four strands


Principles and the four strands


Learning goals





Chapter 2 Beginning to listen and speak in another language


What should they learn?


How should the teaching and learning be done?


Practising sentence patterns


Guiding listening and speaking


Techniques for early meaning-focused speaking


Planning a listening and speaking programme for beginners


Chapter 3 Listening


Listening and language learning


Advanced listening: Notetaking


How to take notes


Learning how to take notes


Monitoring notetaking


Monitoring meaning focused listening





Chapter 4 Learning through interaction and negotiation


Encouraging negotiation


Using written input to encourage negotiation


Using information distribution to encourage negotiation


Factors affecting the amount and type of negotiation


Using learner training to encourage negotiation


Monitoring negotiation


Learning through non-negotiated interaction


Understanding language teaching tasks: Ranking


What is a ranking task?


Method steps


What can you use ranking tasks for?


How can you make and prepare for ranking tasks?


What material can you base ranking tasks on?


Monitoring a ranking task


Monitoring learners beginning to speak





Chapter 5 Learning through pushed output


Pushed output


Pushing output


Formal speaking


The nature of formal speaking


Teaching formal speaking


A process approach to formal speaking


Guidelines for presenting a formal talk





Chapter 6 Pronunciation


The place of form focused pronunciation instruction


Factors affecting the learning of another sound system


Procedures and techniques


Fitting pronunciation into a course


Monitoring pronunciation





Chapter 7 Deliberate teaching


The value and limits of language-focused learning


Deliberate vocabulary learning


The requirements of language-focused vocabulary instruction


Techniques and procedures


Deliberate grammar learning


The causes of error


The effect of correction


Correction procedures


Fitting language-focused learning into a course





Chapter 8 Dictation and related activities


Dictation


Pre-dictation exercises


Variations of dictation


Related techniques


Monitoring dictation


Dicto-comp


Related techniques





Chapter 9 Developing fluency


The nature of fluency


Fluency and accuracy


Developing fluency


Designing fluency activities


Fitting fluency into a course


Developing fluency in listening and speaking


Techniques for developing fluency in listening


Techniques for developing fluency in speaking


Monitoring fluency tasks


Chapter 10 Testing


Monitoring progress


Testing listening and speaking


Listening tests


Speaking tests





Appendix 1 The survival syllabus


Appendix 2 The most useful words for beginning graded reading


Appendix 3 Topic types


Appendix 4 Topics for listening and speaking
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About I. S. P. Nation

I.S.P. Nation is Professor of Applied Linguistics in the School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies at Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand.


Jonathan Newton is a senior lecturer in the School of Linguistics and Applied Language Studies, Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand.
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Rating details

70 ratings
3.97 out of 5 stars
5 33% (23)
4 41% (29)
3 17% (12)
2 7% (5)
1 1% (1)
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