Target Discovery and Validation Reviews and Protocols
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Target Discovery and Validation Reviews and Protocols : Emerging Strategies for Targets and Biomarker Discovery, Volume 1

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Description

Target discovery is a field that has existed for several years but is so vibrant today because of the recent progress in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of many human diseases and the technical advances in target identification and validation. More sophisticated gene profiling technologies, such as DNA microarrays and serial analysis of gene expression, permit rapid identification of lead targets. Moreover, analysis of gene networks in living organisms allows the identification of target genes that operate in defined physiological pathways. With the sequencing of several genomes completed and the rapidly growing gene expression databases, there is now greater impetus than ever before for in silico discovery of therapeutic targets. Also, recent advances in genetic technologies have increased our ability to generate mouse models for human diseases. The implications of these genetically modified animals in drug development are several, including identification of new drug targets, predicting efficacy, and uncovering possible side effects. Together, these recent technical advances should allow researchers to make the most informed choice early and advance the chosen targets toward clinical studies. Regarding cancers, any difference between a cancer and a normal cell could potentially be exploited as a therapeutic target. The hope is that drugs targeting specific constituents or pathways in cancer cells will provide more effective therapy, either alone or in combination with other currently used anticancer drugs. In addition to drug targets, identifying new target antigens remains as much of a challenge as improving tumor vaccines already in the clinic.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 354 pages
  • 157.48 x 233.68 x 25.4mm | 703.06g
  • Humana Press Inc.
  • Totowa, NJ, United States
  • English
  • 2007 ed.
  • 3 Illustrations, color; 86 Illustrations, black and white; XII, 354 p. 89 illus., 3 illus. in color.
  • 1588296563
  • 9781588296566

Review quote

From the reviews:

"Volume 1 focuses on novel and innovative techniques, and presents the most up-to-date protocols available for maximizing the likelihood of achieving target-selective inhibition in vivo while minimizing side effects. ... Cancer researchers will find tremendous value in the molecular classification of breast cancers and the review of protocols for tumor antigens and cancer vaccines. ... provide a thorough review of the most cutting-edge methods available for each step in drug target identification, validation, and clinical application." (Anticancer Research, Vol. 27, May, 2007)
"Review current methods for drug target discovery and validation. ... Volume 1 is focused on drug target and biomarker discovery. ... the chapters are generally well written and clear, and provide extensive references to the current literature. ... Overall ... provide useful overviews that would provide entry into this field. Novice and more experienced researchers ... would find useful information ... ." (Jonathan B. Chaires, ChemMedChem, Issue 3, 2008)
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Table of contents

Target Discovery and Validation: Reviews and Protocols

Part I: Emerging strategies for targets and biomarker discovery
1. Main approaches to target discovery and validation
Mouldy Sioud
2. Bioinformatics approaches to cancer gene discovery
Ramaswamy Narayanan
3. Analysis of gene networks for drug target discovery and validation
Seiya Imoto, Yoshinori Tamada, Christopher J. Savoie, and Satoru Miyano
4. Target discovery and validation in pancreatic cancer
Robert M. Beaty, Mads Gronborg, Jonathan R. Pollack, and Anirban Maitra
5. Molecular classification of breast tumors: Clinical impact on diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment
Therese Sorlie
6. Discovery of differentially expressed genes: Technical considerations
Oystein Rosok and Mouldy Sioud
7. Genome-wide screening using siRNA-expression libraries
Sahohime Matsumoto, Makoto Miyagishi, Ryozo Nagai, and Kazunari Taira
8. Hammerhead ribozyme-based target discovery
Masayuki Sano and Kazunari Taira
9. Production of siRNA and cDNA transfected cell arrays on non-coated chambered coverglass for high content screening microscopy in living cells
Holger Erfle and Rainer Pepperkok
10. Transgenic animal models in biomedical research
Louise-Marie Houdebine
11. Keratin transgenic and knockout mice: Functional analysis and validation of disease-causing mutations
Preethi Vijayaraj, Goran Soehl, and Thomas M. Magin
12. The HUVEC/Matrigel assay - an in vivo assay of human angiogenesis suitable for drug validation
Dag K. Skovseth, Axel M. Kuchler, and Guttorm Haraldsen
13. A murine model for studying hematopoiesis and immunity in heart failure
Per Ole Iversen and Dag R. Sorensen
14. An overview of the immune system and technical advances in tumor antigen discovery
Mouldy Sioud
15. Potential target antigens for immunotherapy identified by serological expression cloning(SEREX)
Dirk Jager
16. Identification of tumor antigens using proteomics
Francoise Le Naour
17. Protein arrays: a versatile toolbox for target identification and monitoring of patient immune responses
Lina Cekaite, Eivind Hovig and Mouldy Sioud
18. Considerations for target validation and industrial approaches
Carlos R. Plata-Salaman, and Sergey E. Ilyin
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Review Text

From the reviews:

"Volume 1 focuses on novel and innovative techniques, and presents the most up-to-date protocols available for maximizing the likelihood of achieving target-selective inhibition in vivo while minimizing side effects. ... Cancer researchers will find tremendous value in the molecular classification of breast cancers and the review of protocols for tumor antigens and cancer vaccines. ... provide a thorough review of the most cutting-edge methods available for each step in drug target identification, validation, and clinical application." (Anticancer Research, Vol. 27, May, 2007)

"Review current methods for drug target discovery and validation. ... Volume 1 is focused on drug target and biomarker discovery. ... the chapters are generally well written and clear, and provide extensive references to the current literature. ... Overall ... provide useful overviews that would provide entry into this field. Novice and more experienced researchers ... would find useful information ... ." (Jonathan B. Chaires, ChemMedChem, Issue 3, 2008)
show more