Tunable Laser Optics

Tunable Laser Optics

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Description

Broadly tunable lasers have had, and continue to have, an enormous impact in many and diverse fields of science and technology. From a renaissance in spectroscopy to laser guide stars and laser cooling, the nexus is the tunable laser. Tunable Laser Optics offers a transparent and comprehensive treatment of the physics of tunable laser optics based on a detailed description of first principles. Authored by a leading expert in the field, the book covers the optics and optical principles needed to build lasers, the optics instrumentation necessary to characterize laser emission, and laser-based optical instrumentation, addressing key topics such as Dirac's notation, the interferometric equation, the uncertainty principle, pulse compression, and tunable narrow-linewidth lasers. This revised, expanded, and improved Second Edition: * Contains new and additional material on tunable lasers and quantum optics * Explains the first principles of tunable laser optics in a clear and concise manner * Presents an explicit exposition of the relevant theory, without the use of short cuts * Employs numerous examples, case studies, and figures to illustrate important concepts * Includes carefully designed problems of direct practical significance to stimulate application Emphasizing the utilitarian aspects of the optics and theory, Tunable Laser Optics, Second Edition provides valuable insight into the optics and the trade-offs involved in the design and construction of tunable lasers and optical devices. It makes an ideal textbook for advanced undergraduate-level and graduate-level optics courses for physics and engineering students, as well as a handy reference for researchers and experimentalists.show more

Product details

  • Paperback
  • 156.03 x 233.68mm
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • 1138893757
  • 9781138893757

About F. J. Duarte

F. J. Duarte is a research physicist with Interferometric Optics, Rochester, New York, USA, and an adjunct professor at the University of New Mexico, USA. His career as a laser physicist encompasses academia, industry, and the defense establishment. He holds a Ph.D in physics from Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, where he was a student of the well-known quantum physicist J. C. Ward. Dr. Duarte is the author of the generalized multiple-prism dispersion theory, has made unique contributions to the physics and architecture of tunable laser oscillators, and pioneered the use of Dirac's quantum notation in interferometry, oscillator physics, and classical optics.show more

Review quote

"The book's emphasis on the tuning optics provides the common thread connecting the wide range of laser systems discussed and makes it particularly useful to anyone using or constructing tunable laser systems. This Second Edition of Tunable Laser Optics extends the material presented to be applicable to quantum well, quantum cascade, and quantum dot lasers. These additions, as well as a discussion of Bragg gratings as a tuning element ensure this book is relevant to recent developments in laser physics." -Dr Ian S Falconer, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Australia "I like the examples given in the text... Even a physicist not expert in laser optics can replicate the examples, test the theory, and design such good lab experiments for students... The topics presented are well referenced and several results are shown with pictures and numerical data. ... I think that this book gives a thorough review of laser optics with many worked out examples ... These kinds of detailed descriptions of the experiments are not easy to find in a textbook." -Ernesto Gramsch Labra, University of Santiago de Chile "Dr. Duarte is the world's foremost expert in the area of tunable lasers and has once again written what will become the standard reference for laser researchers. His use of the Dirac Optics notation for compact and concise tracking of the interferometers spectral tuning is not only brilliant physics but also brilliant pedagogically! ... a definite must have for anyone interested in designing or understanding the physics and engineering of tunable laser systems. It will be a standard for both professionals and students alike!" -Dr. Thomas Shay, University of New Mexico "I want a copy of this book. Nowhere else is there such a clear and concise description of the Dirac-Feynman, and dare I add, Duarte, approach to diffraction and interference theory and applications. This is using quantum mechanics in a very pragmatic and useful way!" -Dr. Travis S. Taylor, US Army Space and Missile Defense Command "... concise, accessible, and comprehensive. It starts from the essential physics, and mathematically builds the fundamental equations governing the phenomena in a clear manner, with outstanding use of figures to illustrate the various points. Incorporation of numerous examples of experimental data alongside the analytical calculations provides an excellent grounding for the reader, and sets the material apart from other presentations I have seen." -Kathleen M. Vaeth, MicroGen Systems Inc.show more

Table of contents

List of Figures List of Tables Preface Author Introduction to Lasers Introduction Historical Remarks Lasers Laser Optics Laser Categories Excitation Mechanisms and Rate Equations Rate Equations Dynamics of Multiple-Level System Transition Probabilities and Cross Sections The Schrodinger Equation and Semiconductor Lasers A Heuristic Introduction to the Schrodinger Equation The Schrodinger Equation via Dirac's Notation The Time-Independent Schrodinger Equation Semiconductor Emission Quantum Wells Quantum Cascade Lasers Quantum Dots Introduction to Laser Resonators and Laser Cavities Problems Dirac Optics Introduction Dirac's Notation in Optics Interference Example Geometry of the N-Slit Interferometer N-Slit Interferometer Experiment Generalized Diffraction Positive Diffraction Positive and Negative Refraction Reflection The Cavity Linewidth Equation Introduction to Angular Dispersion Dirac and the Laser Problems The Uncertainty Principle in Optics Approximate Derivation of the Uncertainty Principle The Wave Character of Particles The Diffraction Identity and the Uncertainty Principle Alternative Versions of the Uncertainty Principle Applications of the Uncertainty Principle in Optics Beam Divergence Beam Divergence and Astronomy The Interferometric Equation and the Uncertainty Principle Quantum Cryptography Problems The Physics of Multiple-Prism Optics Introduction Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion Double-Pass Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion Multiple Return-Pass Generalized Multiple- Prism Dispersion Single-Prism Equations Multiple-Prism Dispersion Linewidth Narrowing Mechanics of Linewidth Narrowing in Optically Pumped Pulsed Laser Oscillators Design of Zero-Dispersion Multiple-Prism Beam Expanders Dispersion of Amici, or Compound, Prisms Example Multiple-Prism Dispersion and Pulse Compression Example Applications of Multiple-Prism Arrays Problems Polarization Introduction Maxwell Equations Polarization and Reflection Plane of Incidence Jones Calculus Example Polarizing Prisms Transmission Efficiency in Multiple-Prism Arrays Induced Polarization in a Double-Prism Beam Expander Double-Refraction Polarizers Intensity Control of Laser Beams Using Polarization Polarization Rotators Birefringent Polarization Rotators Broadband Prismatic Polarization Rotators Problems Laser Beam Propagation Matrices Introduction ABCD Propagation Matrices Properties of ABCD Matrices Survey of ABCD Matrices The Astronomical Telescope A Single Prism in Space Multiple-Prism Beam Expanders Telescopes in Series Single Return-Pass Beam Divergence Multiple Return-Pass Beam Divergence Unstable Resonators Higher Order Matrices Problems Narrow-Linewidth Tunable Laser Oscillators Introduction Transverse and Longitudinal Modes Transverse Mode Structure Longitudinal Mode Emission Tunable Laser Oscillator Architectures Tunable Laser Oscillators without Intracavity Beam Expansion Tunable Laser Oscillators with Intracavity Beam Expansion Widely Tunable Narrow-Linewidth External Cavity Semiconductor Lasers Distributed Feedback Lasers Wavelength Tuning Techniques Prismatic Tuning Techniques Diffractive Tuning Techniques Synchronous Tuning Techniques Bragg Gratings Interferometric Tuning Techniques Longitudinal Tuning Techniques for Laser Microcavities Birefringent Filters Polarization Matching Design of Efficient Narrow-Linewidth Tunable Laser Oscillators Useful Axioms for the Design of Narrow- Linewidth Tunable Laser Oscillators Narrow-Linewidth Oscillator-Amplifiers Laser-Pumped Narrow-Linewidth Oscillator- Amplifiers Narrow-Linewidth MO Forced Oscillators Discussion Problems Nonlinear Optics Introduction Introduction to Nonlinear Polarization Generation of Frequency Harmonics Second Harmonic and Sum-Frequency Generation Difference-Frequency Generation and Optical Parametric Oscillation The Refractive Index as a Function of Intensity Optical Phase Conjugation Raman Shifting Optical Clockwork Problems Lasers and Their Emission Characteristics Introduction Gas Lasers Pulsed Molecular Gas Lasers Pulsed Atomic Metal Vapor Lasers CW Gas Lasers Organic Dye Lasers Pulsed Organic Dye Lasers CW Organic Dye Lasers Solid-State Lasers Ionic Solid-State Lasers Transition Metal Solid-State Lasers Color Center Lasers Diode Laser-Pumped Fiber Lasers Optical Parametric Oscillators Semiconductor Lasers Tunable Quantum Cascade Lasers Tunable Quantum Dot Lasers Additional Lasers Problems The N-Slit Laser Interferometer: Optical Architecture and Applications Introduction Optical Architecture of the NSLI Beam Propagation in the NSLI An Interferometric Computer Secure Interferometric Communications in Free Space Very Large NSLIs for Secure Interferometric Communications in Free Space Applications of the NSLI Digital Laser Micromeasurements Light Modulation Measurements Wavelength Meter and Broadband Interferograms Imaging Laser Printers Problems Interferometry Introduction Two-Beam Interferometers The Sagnac Interferometer The Mach-Zehnder Interferometer The Michelson Interferometer Multiple-Beam Interferometers The Hanbury Brown-Twiss Interferometer The Fabry-Perot Interferometer Design of Fabry-Perot Etalons Coherent and Semicoherent Interferograms Example Interferometric Wavelength Meters Fabry-Perot Wavelength Meters Problems Spectrometry Introduction Spectrometry Prism Spectrometers Diffraction Grating Spectrometers Dispersive Wavelength Meters Problems Physical Constants and Optical Quantities Fundamental Physical Constants Conversion Quantities Units of Optical Quantities Dispersion Constants of Optical Materials n/ t of Laser and Optical Materials Problems References Indexshow more