Tunable Laser Optics, Second Edition

Tunable Laser Optics, Second Edition

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Description

Broadly tunable lasers have had, and continue to have, an enormous impact in many and diverse fields of science and technology. From a renaissance in spectroscopy to laser guide stars and laser cooling, the nexus is the tunable laser.


Tunable Laser Optics offers a transparent and comprehensive treatment of the physics of tunable laser optics based on a detailed description of first principles. Authored by a leading expert in the field, the book covers the optics and optical principles needed to build lasers, the optics instrumentation necessary to characterize laser emission, and laser-based optical instrumentation, addressing key topics such as Dirac's notation, the interferometric equation, the uncertainty principle, pulse compression, and tunable narrow-linewidth lasers.


This revised, expanded, and improved Second Edition:




Contains new and additional material on tunable lasers and quantum optics
Explains the first principles of tunable laser optics in a clear and concise manner
Presents an explicit exposition of the relevant theory, without the use of short cuts
Employs numerous examples, case studies, and figures to illustrate important concepts
Includes carefully designed problems of direct practical significance to stimulate application


Emphasizing the utilitarian aspects of the optics and theory, Tunable Laser Optics, Second Edition provides valuable insight into the optics and the trade-offs involved in the design and construction of tunable lasers and optical devices. It makes an ideal textbook for advanced undergraduate-level and graduate-level optics courses for physics and engineering students, as well as a handy reference for researchers and experimentalists.
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Product details

  • Paperback
  • 156 x 234mm | 658g
  • CRC Press
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • New edition
  • 2nd New edition
  • 1138893757
  • 9781138893757

Table of contents

List of Figures


List of Tables


Preface


Author


Introduction to Lasers


Introduction


Historical Remarks


Lasers


Laser Optics


Laser Categories


Excitation Mechanisms and Rate Equations


Rate Equations


Dynamics of Multiple-Level System


Transition Probabilities and Cross Sections


The Schroedinger Equation and Semiconductor Lasers


A Heuristic Introduction to the Schroedinger Equation


The Schroedinger Equation via Dirac's Notation


The Time-Independent Schroedinger Equation


Semiconductor Emission


Quantum Wells


Quantum Cascade Lasers


Quantum Dots


Introduction to Laser Resonators and Laser Cavities


Problems


Dirac Optics


Introduction


Dirac's Notation in Optics


Interference


Example


Geometry of the N-Slit Interferometer


N-Slit Interferometer Experiment


Generalized Diffraction


Positive Diffraction


Positive and Negative Refraction


Reflection


The Cavity Linewidth Equation


Introduction to Angular Dispersion


Dirac and the Laser


Problems


The Uncertainty Principle in Optics


Approximate Derivation of the Uncertainty Principle


The Wave Character of Particles


The Diffraction Identity and the Uncertainty Principle


Alternative Versions of the Uncertainty Principle


Applications of the Uncertainty Principle in Optics


Beam Divergence


Beam Divergence and Astronomy


The Interferometric Equation and the Uncertainty Principle


Quantum Cryptography


Problems


The Physics of Multiple-Prism Optics


Introduction


Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion


Double-Pass Generalized Multiple-Prism Dispersion


Multiple Return-Pass Generalized Multiple- Prism Dispersion


Single-Prism Equations


Multiple-Prism Dispersion Linewidth Narrowing


Mechanics of Linewidth Narrowing in Optically Pumped Pulsed Laser Oscillators


Design of Zero-Dispersion Multiple-Prism Beam Expanders


Dispersion of Amici, or Compound, Prisms


Example


Multiple-Prism Dispersion and Pulse Compression


Example


Applications of Multiple-Prism Arrays


Problems


Polarization


Introduction


Maxwell Equations


Polarization and Reflection


Plane of Incidence


Jones Calculus


Example


Polarizing Prisms


Transmission Efficiency in Multiple-Prism Arrays


Induced Polarization in a Double-Prism Beam Expander


Double-Refraction Polarizers


Intensity Control of Laser Beams Using Polarization


Polarization Rotators


Birefringent Polarization Rotators


Broadband Prismatic Polarization Rotators


Problems


Laser Beam Propagation Matrices


Introduction


ABCD Propagation Matrices


Properties of ABCD Matrices


Survey of ABCD Matrices


The Astronomical Telescope


A Single Prism in Space


Multiple-Prism Beam Expanders


Telescopes in Series


Single Return-Pass Beam Divergence


Multiple Return-Pass Beam Divergence


Unstable Resonators


Higher Order Matrices


Problems


Narrow-Linewidth Tunable Laser Oscillators


Introduction


Transverse and Longitudinal Modes


Transverse Mode Structure


Longitudinal Mode Emission


Tunable Laser Oscillator Architectures


Tunable Laser Oscillators without Intracavity Beam Expansion


Tunable Laser Oscillators with Intracavity Beam Expansion


Widely Tunable Narrow-Linewidth External Cavity Semiconductor Lasers


Distributed Feedback Lasers


Wavelength Tuning Techniques


Prismatic Tuning Techniques


Diffractive Tuning Techniques


Synchronous Tuning Techniques


Bragg Gratings


Interferometric Tuning Techniques


Longitudinal Tuning Techniques for Laser Microcavities


Birefringent Filters


Polarization Matching


Design of Efficient Narrow-Linewidth Tunable Laser Oscillators


Useful Axioms for the Design of Narrow- Linewidth Tunable Laser Oscillators


Narrow-Linewidth Oscillator-Amplifiers


Laser-Pumped Narrow-Linewidth Oscillator- Amplifiers


Narrow-Linewidth MO Forced Oscillators


Discussion


Problems


Nonlinear Optics


Introduction


Introduction to Nonlinear Polarization


Generation of Frequency Harmonics


Second Harmonic and Sum-Frequency Generation


Difference-Frequency Generation and Optical Parametric Oscillation


The Refractive Index as a Function of Intensity


Optical Phase Conjugation


Raman Shifting


Optical Clockwork


Problems


Lasers and Their Emission Characteristics


Introduction


Gas Lasers


Pulsed Molecular Gas Lasers


Pulsed Atomic Metal Vapor Lasers


CW Gas Lasers


Organic Dye Lasers


Pulsed Organic Dye Lasers


CW Organic Dye Lasers


Solid-State Lasers


Ionic Solid-State Lasers


Transition Metal Solid-State Lasers


Color Center Lasers


Diode Laser-Pumped Fiber Lasers


Optical Parametric Oscillators


Semiconductor Lasers


Tunable Quantum Cascade Lasers


Tunable Quantum Dot Lasers


Additional Lasers


Problems


The N-Slit Laser Interferometer: Optical Architecture and Applications


Introduction


Optical Architecture of the NSLI


Beam Propagation in the NSLI


An Interferometric Computer


Secure Interferometric Communications in Free Space


Very Large NSLIs for Secure Interferometric Communications in Free Space


Applications of the NSLI


Digital Laser Micromeasurements


Light Modulation Measurements


Wavelength Meter and Broadband Interferograms


Imaging Laser Printers


Problems


Interferometry


Introduction


Two-Beam Interferometers


The Sagnac Interferometer


The Mach-Zehnder Interferometer


The Michelson Interferometer


Multiple-Beam Interferometers


The Hanbury Brown-Twiss Interferometer


The Fabry-Perot Interferometer


Design of Fabry-Perot Etalons


Coherent and Semicoherent Interferograms


Example


Interferometric Wavelength Meters


Fabry-Perot Wavelength Meters


Problems


Spectrometry


Introduction


Spectrometry


Prism Spectrometers


Diffraction Grating Spectrometers


Dispersive Wavelength Meters


Problems


Physical Constants and Optical Quantities


Fundamental Physical Constants


Conversion Quantities


Units of Optical Quantities


Dispersion Constants of Optical Materials


â n/â t of Laser and Optical Materials


Problems


References


Index
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Review quote

"The book's emphasis on the tuning optics provides the common thread connecting the wide range of laser systems discussed and makes it particularly useful to anyone using or constructing tunable laser systems. This Second Edition of Tunable Laser Optics extends the material presented to be applicable to quantum well, quantum cascade, and quantum dot lasers. These additions, as well as a discussion of Bragg gratings as a tuning element ensure this book is relevant to recent developments in laser physics."
-Dr Ian S Falconer, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Australia



"I like the examples given in the text... Even a physicist not expert in laser optics can replicate the examples, test the theory, and design such good lab experiments for students... The topics presented are well referenced and several results are shown with pictures and numerical data. ... I think that this book gives a thorough review of laser optics with many worked out examples ... These kinds of detailed descriptions of the experiments are not easy to find in a textbook."
-Ernesto Gramsch Labra, University of Santiago de Chile


"Dr. Duarte is the world's foremost expert in the area of tunable lasers and has once again written what will become the standard reference for laser researchers. His use of the Dirac Optics notation for compact and concise tracking of the interferometers spectral tuning is not only brilliant physics but also brilliant pedagogically! ... a definite must have for anyone interested in designing or understanding the physics and engineering of tunable laser systems. It will be a standard for both professionals and students alike!"
-Dr. Thomas Shay, University of New Mexico

"I want a copy of this book. Nowhere else is there such a clear and concise description of the Dirac-Feynman, and dare I add, Duarte, approach to diffraction and interference theory and applications. This is using quantum mechanics in a very pragmatic and useful way!"
-Dr. Travis S. Taylor, US Army Space and Missile Defense Command


"... concise, accessible, and comprehensive. It starts from the essential physics, and mathematically builds the fundamental equations governing the phenomena in a clear manner, with outstanding use of figures to illustrate the various points. Incorporation of numerous examples of experimental data alongside the analytical calculations provides an excellent grounding for the reader, and sets the material apart from other presentations I have seen."
-Kathleen M. Vaeth, MicroGen Systems Inc.
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About F. J. Duarte

F. J. Duarte is a research physicist with Interferometric Optics, Rochester, New York, USA, and an adjunct professor at the University of New Mexico, USA. His career as a laser physicist encompasses academia, industry, and the defense establishment. He holds a Ph.D in physics from Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, where he was a student of the well-known quantum physicist J. C. Ward. Dr. Duarte is the author of the generalized multiple-prism dispersion theory, has made unique contributions to the physics and architecture of tunable laser oscillators, and pioneered the use of Dirac's quantum notation in interferometry, oscillator physics, and classical optics.
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