Sussex Archaeological Collections Relating to the History and Antiquities of the County Volume N . 46

Sussex Archaeological Collections Relating to the History and Antiquities of the County Volume N . 46

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1903 edition. Excerpt: ... stop a rush in the event of portcullis and doors being destroyed, or burst in, or for casting down that favourite mediaeval defensive agent, powdered quick lime, on the heads of the assailants; as to the puerile ideas, so erroneously prevalent, that they were used for pouring down melted lead and boiling pitch, or oil, such articles were too expensive to allow of their use for such purposes, nor is there here, or in portcullis chambers in general, any provision of furnaces for heating large quantities of such materials; a far more probable use is for pouring water down to quench a conflagration, as at Leybourne castle, in Kent, where there is a special provision of an opening 3-ft. long by 6-in. wide for this purpose, having a water conduit communicating with the moat, up which buckets of water could be drawn when needed. The lesser gatehouse is in the central tower on the south front; both were defended by stone machicolations of large size, with which none of the other towers are provided. In front of the south gate tower two walls 3-ft. thick project about 9-ft. into the moat, and contained between them a bridge pit (now filled up) for the rear end of a lifting bridge, probably worked by counter-balanced levers, of which the mechanism was on the top of these walls, its outer end falling on a permanent wooden pier or bridge, on trestles extending across the moat, which gave on a small outwork, of which all that now remains is the masonry of the half octagonal pier projecting from the south face of the moat. It is my ojnnion that originally there was a line of exterior defences, possibly, and not improbably, in stone, and certainly in wood, running partially or entirely round that part of the outer edge of the bank which retains the...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 106 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 204g
  • English
  • Illustrations, black and white
  • 1236827511
  • 9781236827517