Supernatural Agents

Supernatural Agents : Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas

4.3 (13 ratings by Goodreads)
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Description

The cognitive science of religion is a rapidly growing field whose practitioners apply insights from advances in cognitive science in order to provide a better understanding of religious impulses, beliefs, and behaviors. In this book Ilkka Pyysiainen shows how this methodology can profitably be used in the comparative study of beliefs about superhuman agents. He begins by developing a theoretical outline of the basic, modular architecture of the human mind and especially the human capacity to understand agency. He then goes on to discuss examples of supernatural agency in detail, arguing that the human ability to attribute beliefs and desires to others forms the basis of conceptions of supernatural agents and of such social cognition in which supernatural agents are postulated as interested parties in social life. Beliefs about supernatural agency are natural, says Pyysiainen, in the sense that such concepts are used in an intuitive and automatic fashion. Two dots and a straight line below them automatically trigger the idea of a face, for example. Given that the mind consists of a host of such modular mechanisms, certain kinds of beliefs will always have a selective advantage over others. Abstract theological concepts are usually elaborate versions of such simpler and more contagious folk conceptions. Pyysiainen uses ethnographical and survey materials as well as doctrinal treatises to show that there are certain recurrent patterns in beliefs about supernatural agents both at the level of folk-religion and of formal theology.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 304 pages
  • 158 x 234 x 26mm | 580.6g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 1 black and white halftone illustration
  • 0195380029
  • 9780195380026
  • 1,320,968

Review quote

It is striking.... * Cynthia Lindner, University of Chicago *show more

About Likka Pyysiainen

Pyysiainen is an Academy Research Fellow at the Academy of Finland; and the Deputy Director at Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studiesshow more

Table of contents

HUMAN AGENCY; SUPERNATURAL AGENTS; C. CONCLUSION; D. SOURCES AND LITERATURE; APPENDIX: COGNITIVE PROCESSES AND EXPLAINING RELIGIONshow more

Rating details

13 ratings
4.3 out of 5 stars
5 46% (6)
4 38% (5)
3 15% (2)
2 0% (0)
1 0% (0)
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