Excerpt from A Summary of Christian Doctrine
Take other species of animal life. There is no evidence that any species has developed by gradual transition out of a lower species; so that, tracing the individuals of any species backward, we come, as in the case of man, to the first individuals of the species. And the question occurs again, What is the cause of their existence?
We are of necessity led to believe in the existence of a necessary self-existing First Cause; and unless we adopt the theory of evolution, we soon come to a point where it becomes necessary to look for that cause outside of matter. But were the hypothesis of evolution accepted, it would re lieve us of no difficulty for grant that the effects or changes in the material world can be traced back in a chain of finite causations till we come to an original ether, this ether is in motion or else it is at rest. If it is in motion, the motion ls a change which demands a cause; and as an infinite series of finite causes is inconceivable, we must believe that mat ter is the originator of motion or is self-moved. But this is inconceivable. Plato argued, and we see no reason to doubt the correctness of his reasoning, that, since it is im possible for the mind to conceive of matter originating mo tion, there must be a mind as the first cause of motion.
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