The Sugar Industry of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh

The Sugar Industry of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1902 edition. Excerpt: ...animals, jackals, wild boars, and rats are the worst enemies. The first two are scared away by various contrivances, and the latter caught in traps or killed by other means. CHAPTER V. THE CANE-CRUSHING MILLS, AND THEIR USE FOR EXTRACTION OF THE JUICE. The extraction of juice from the cane is effected in these Provinces either by bruising small pieces of canes in a mill constructed like a large pestle and mortar known as desi kolhu (country mill) or by crushing whole canes between the revolving rollers of an iron mill (pech or lohia Kolhu). The former process has been in use in these Provinces from the earliest periods. It is stated that in ancient times mills used to be made by cutting down standing trees about two feet above the ground and utilizing the trunk as a pestle and the root as a mortar. Such trees were, however, not available at all times and places. Later on the mortar was therefore made of stone. The most typical of the country presses are--(1) the stone mill used in the eastern districts; (2) the wooden mill of Oudh and the Eastern Dodb; and (3) the-Gorakhpur wooden mill. During the past quarter of a century an iron mill (the Behea), brought out by certain landlords of Behefi, has gradually replaced the country mills in general to a very considerable extent; and another, known as the Nahan, has also been gaining ground, especially in the western tracts. No improvement in agricultural machinery has, it may be remarked, gained so much favour with the common cultivator and with such remarkable rapidity as the iron mills, and this fact alone is the best practical proof of their general superiority over all forms of old-fashioned contrivances for crushing canes. In the following pages we shall give a brief description of the various...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 46 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 3mm | 100g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236530292
  • 9781236530295