Study Volume 3

Study Volume 3

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1921 edition. Excerpt: ...which some machines are equipped. The knee-press can also be seen in the picture just referred to. Rarely accidents occur from a needle running into the finger of an operator. Monotony of the work.--When once an operation is thoroughly learned, the monotony can be relieved only by varied materials, new styles or cuts of garments, or by changing to some new operation. Some operators, who had made shirts in the days when each operator made an entire garment, said they preferred the present system, as they liked the feeling of completing a whole bundle rapidly. There seem to be many people who enjoy monotony and abhor change and new adjustments. This may be one reason that operators often refuse to change to a new machine when given the opportunity. Organization.--About 800 of the female workers in the garment factories in San Francisco are organized into unions. Those who make shirts and workingmen 's wear are known as the United Garment Workers of America, Local Union No. 131, and those working in tailoring establishments are organized with the tailors as the Ladies' Garment Makers. The former organization has many more female members than the latter. It was first organized in San Francisco in 1901 in the Eloesser-Heynemann factory, and is now in five of the other factories. They insist upon the closed shop, and the firms using their labor advertise that their goods are union-made. The friendliest relations have always existed between the employers of the union operators and the union itself. There has never been a strike in the nineteen years of the existence of the union. Hours and wages.--The union when formed insisted upon the eighthour day and the forty-eight-hour week for women. Then came the half holiday and a minimum wage of $9 a week more

Product details

  • Paperback | 26 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 1mm | 68g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236636430
  • 9781236636430