The Student's Reference Work; A Cyclopaedia for Teachers, Students, and Families Volume 1

The Student's Reference Work; A Cyclopaedia for Teachers, Students, and Families Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1906 edition. Excerpt: ...It has six large cotton mills, and some thirty knitting mills with a number of other factories. Population 23,910. Coin and Coinage. See Mint. Coke, a fuel got by heating coal in confined places. This is done sometimes in heaps, just as charcoal is made from wood, but oftener in ovens. It is also made when coal gas is manufactured, being left after the gas is driven off. Coke is a hard, brittle, porous solid, with a steel-gray glint, and it does not readily soil the hands when handled. It is mainly valued for the great heat it gives off and its freedom from smoke when burning. Also, it does not become pasty in the fire, while some of the sulphur of the coal is driven off; all these qualities make it very useful in smelting and refining metals. Coal yields about 70 per cent of coke. Colbert (kol-bSr1), Jean Baptiste, one of the greatest of French statesmen, was born at Rheims, France, in 1619. In 1651 he entered the service of the great minister, Mazarin. On his deathbed, Mazarin warmly recommended Colbert to Louis XIV. I owe you everything, said he, but I pay my debt to your majesty by giving you Colbert. It was m 1661 that Colbert became chief minister to Louis XIV. He at once began to improve the ruinous condition of the finances. So thorough was the change which he brought about, that, in ten years, the yearly revenue (net) was 77,000,000 livres, when before it had been only 32,000,000 livres. But his reforms did not stop here. Farming, business, roads, canals, and French colonies, all felt his energetic hand. He found France with a few old rotten ships, and in a few years provided her with one of the strongest navies la the COLD HARBOR 277 COLIGNY world. He was also a friend to all men of learning. In short, more

Product details

  • Paperback
  • 189 x 246 x 25mm | 848g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123680855X
  • 9781236808554