Structure and Policy in Japan and the United States

Structure and Policy in Japan and the United States : An Institutionalist Approach

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Just when Japan and the United States are both caught up in a major debate over the effectiveness of their governments this volume offers new explanations of their comparative strengths and weaknesses. Why can Japan keep building nuclear power plants while it is has a hard time building an information superhighway? Why is the opposite the case in the United States? Will political reform change public policy in Japan? Would it make a difference in the United States? This volume explains why and how. This is one of the few volumes on the two countries that offers detailed studies of value to policy makers plus scholars and students of comparative policy, comparative foreign policy, and comparative economic policy. It can serve the needs of courses dealing with both politics and economics.show more

Product details

  • Online resource
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 16 b/w illus. 18 tables
  • 1139174258
  • 9781139174251

Review quote

"This is an intriguing book: theoretically coherent, logically tight, occassionally elegeant, strikingly original, and relentlessly incentive compatible...This is an important book, a rare book. Buy it. Read it. Assign it to your students." J. Mark Ramseyer, Pacific Affairs "This is an intriguing book: theoretically coherent, logically tight, occasionally elegant, strikingly original, and relentlessly incentive compatible...This is an important book, a rare book. Buy it. Read it. Assign it to your students." J. Mark Ramseyer, Pacific Affairsshow more

Back cover copy

Do political institutions significantly influence policy outcomes? If so, how and why do they make a difference? These essays explain why the differences between governments and national voting systems with a premier and those with a president shape the fundamentals of politics and policy choices in the United States and Japan. The authors explain outcomes ranging from national budgetary priorities through nuclear-power regulations and military-security commitments. They show that the political leadership in both countries is in control of policy, but that political institutions explain why the bureaucracies of the two countries receive different missions and operating procedures. This volume is a powerful contribution to the fields of comparative politics, comparative political economy, comparative foreign policy, and rational choice.show more

Table of contents

1. Introduction Peter Cowhey and Mathew D. McCubbins; Part I. Structure and Politics: 2. The structural determinants of electoral cohesiveness: England Japan and the United States Gary W. Cox and Frances M. Rosenbluth; 3. Party provision for personal politics: dividing the vote in Japan Mathew D. McCubbins and Frances M. Rosenbluth; 4. The appearance of power: legislators bureaucrats and the budget process in the United States and Japan Mathew D. McCubbins and Gregory W. Noble; 5. Perceptions and realities of Japanese budgeting Mathew D. McCubbins and Gregory W. Noble; Part II. Politics and Policy: 6. Telecommunications policy: structure, process outcomes Roger G. Noss and Frances M. Rosenbluth; 7. The politics of nuclear power in Japan and the United States Linda Cohen, Mathew D. McCubbins and Frances M. Rosenbluth; 8. The politics of foreign policy in Japan and the United States Peter Cowhey; 9. Coordinating economic policies: a schematic model and some remarks on Japan-US exchange rate politics Haruhiro Fukui and M. Stephen Weatherford; 10. Conclusion Peter Cowhey and Mathew D. McCubbins.show more

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